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Information About Aplastic anemia 

We Have to Know about the Aplastic anemia 

  • Aplastic anemia could be a rare, doubtless fatal malady during which the bone marrow doesn’t build enough blood cells. People with aplastic anemia have low levels of all three types of blood cells: Red blood cells, which carry oxygen, White blood cells, which fight infection, Platelets, which help blood to clot
  • In aplastic anemia, the body stops producing enough new blood cells. This means the person gets fatigue easily and is at higher risk of infections and uncontrolled bleeding

Causes of Aplastic Anaemia

  • Within the cavity of many of the bones is a red, spongy material called bone marrow which contains special cells called stem cells Stem cells in the bone marrow produce blood cells — red cells, white cells, and platelets — that eventually leave the bone marrow and enter the bloodstream
  • Aplastic anemia develops when damage occurs to the bone marrow, slowing or shutting down the production of new blood cells

Factors that can temporarily or permanently injure bone marrow include:

  • High-dose radiation and chemotherapy treatments
  • Exposure to toxic chemicals such as some used in pesticides and insecticides, or exposure to benzene (an ingredient in gasoline)
  • Use of certain drugs
  • Autoimmune diseases, where the body inappropriately attacks its own blood stem cells
  • Certain viral infections, including viral hepatitis, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and infectious mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr viral infection)
  • pregnancy
  • Unknown factors

Do’s and Don’ts Aplastic Anaemia

  • There’s no bar for many cases of anemia
  • Avoid exposure to insecticides, paint removers and other toxic chemicals

Symptoms of Aplastic Anaemia

  • Pale skin
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Lightheadedness
  • Rapid pulse
  • Heart murmur
  • Bruising and  little areas of trauma within the skin
  • jaundice
  • Abnormal  trauma from the gums, nose, vagina or gastrointestinal tract, or blood in the urine
  • Frequent or prolonged Infections

Aplastic anemia will return on suddenly or develop slowly over weeks or months. The unhealthiness is also transient, or it may become chronic. Without treatment, it may progress and become fatal

Risk Factors  For Aplastic Anaemia

  • Treatment with high-dose radiation or chemotherapy for cancer
  • Exposure to toxic chemicals
  • Use of inhalants — such as paint thinner, gasoline, nail polish remover, and glues
  • Certain blood diseases, autoimmune disorders, and serious infections
  • Rarely Pregnancy
  • Heavy metals
  • Hereditary
  • Genetic disorders
  • Enzyme defects

Medical advice for Aplastic Anaemia

  • See a doctor promptly if you notice abnormal bruises on your skin or if you develop frequent nosebleeds, bleeding gums, heavy menstrual flow or rectal bleeding

Self Care for Aplastic Anaemia

  • Avoid excessive exercise
  • Avoid activities  which will end in a serious cut or fall
  • Avoid infections by frequent hand washing and by avoiding sick people
aplastic-anemia
Preventions of aplastic-anemia