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Cluster Headache

Information about Cluster Headache

We Have to Know about the Cluster Headache

  • It is one of the most painful types of a headache
  • Attacks occur in cyclical patterns or clusters which may last from weeks to months, followed by remission periods when the headache attacks stop completely

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • A headache with a fever, stiff neck, rash, mental confusion, seizures, double vision, weakness, numbness or speaking difficulties
  • A headache after a head injury, even if it’s a minor fall or bump, especially if it gets worse

Causes of Cluster Headache

  • A cluster headache generally isn’t associated with triggers such as foods, hormonal changes or stress
  • Once a cluster period begins, consumption of alcohol can trigger a splitting headache within minutes
  • Increased sensitivity of nerve pathways
  • Abnormal function of the hypothalamus

Do’s and Don’ts of Cluster Headache

Signs & Symptoms of Cluster Headache

  • Sudden sharp, penetrating or burning pain develops on the same side of the head
  • Restlessness
  • Teary eye and stuffed nose
  • Flushing on the affected side of your face
  • Sweaty, pale skin (pallor)
  • Swelling around the eye on the affected side of your face
  • Reduced pupil size and drooping eyelid

Medical advice for Cluster Headache

  • Abrupt, severe headache, often like a thunderclap
  • Chronic, progressive headache that worsens after coughing, exertion, straining or a sudden movement
  • The onset of new headache pain after age 50

Risk factors of Cluster Headache

  • A cluster headache predominantly affects men
  • People ages 20 to 40
  • Heavy smokers

Treatment for Cluster Headache

  • There’s no cure for cluster headaches
  • The goal of treatment is to help decrease the severity of pain and shorten the headache period through medications

Self-care for Cluster Headache

Each time you get a headache, jot down the following information: A description, severity, location, duration of the pain and any medications you’re taking

  • Stick to a regular sleep schedule
  • Avoid afternoon naps
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Be cautious in high altitudes
  • Avoid tobacco products
  • Avoid glare and bright lights

Investigations for a Cluster Headache

  • Neurological examination, CT Scan, MRI
Causes of Cluster Headache
It is one of the most painful types of a headache