Information about Infectious Arthritis
We have to know about Infectious Arthritis
- Infectious arthritis is joint pain, soreness, stiffness, and swelling caused by an infection by bacteria, viruses or fungi.
- The most common joint affected is the knee
These infections can enter joint in various ways:
- After spreading through the bloodstream from another part of the body, such as the lungs during pneumonia
- Through a nearby wound
- After surgery, an injection or trauma, such as an insect bite
Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions
- Persistent pain in the joints?
Causes of Infectious Arthritis
- Reiter’s disease (Reactive Arthritis) happens most commonly after infections of the genital and gastrointestinal tracts. It is caused by the immune system reacting to bacteria. It can develop weeks, months or even years after the infection
- Lyme Disease
- Staphylococcus Infection
- Viruses like HIV, Hepatitis, Mumps, Rubella
Do’s and Don’ts of Infectious Arthritis
- Gonococcal arthritis — Practice safe sex or don’t have sex.
- Lyme disease arthritis — Wear long pants and long-sleeved shirts, use tick repellent.
Signs & Symptoms of Infectious Arthritis
- Severe pain that worsens with movement
- Swelling of the joint
- Warmth and redness around the joint
- A Fever
- Decreased appetite
- A rapid heart rate
Medical advice for Infectious Arthritis
- If you experience any of the symptoms of infectious arthritis for more than a few days, contact your doctor.
Risk factors of Infectious Arthritis
- People who already have rheumatoid arthritis or other joint disease having joint problems such as arthritis, gout, or lupus
- Having a history of joint surgery
- Having certain skin conditions
- Having open wounds
- Abusing illegal drugs or alcohol
- Taking drugs that suppress the immune system
- Having a weakened immune system
- Having cancer
- Having diabetes
Treatment for Infectious Arthritis
- Requires painkillers and antibiotics depending on the cause of infectious arthritis caused by a bacteria usually begins with antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection. Your doctor will use the information from your tests to choose an antibiotic that’s effective for the type of bacteria present in your joint. The infection needs to be treated promptly and aggressively to prevent osteoarthritis and damage to your joint. As a result, your doctor may order intravenous antibiotics, which are given through your veins. This treats the infection more quickly than oral antibiotics. Most people begin to feel better within 48 hours of their first antibiotic treatment.
- Your doctor may also prescribe oral antibiotics to treat the infection. Oral antibiotics for infectious arthritis usually need to be taken for six to eight weeks. It’s important to take the entire course of antibiotics to treat the infection effectively.
- Your doctor will prescribe antifungal medication instead of antibiotics if a fungus is causing your infection.
- Infectious arthritis caused by a virus doesn’t require medication.
Self-care of Infectious Arthritis
- Avoid long-standing
- Taking rest
Investigations of Infectious Arthritis
- Blood and Urine tests
- Lab analysis of fluid from the affected joint