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Iritis

Information about Iritis

We Have to know about Iritis

  • The Iris Is The Colored Part Of The Eye, Which Lies Behind The Transparent Cornea.
  • Iritis Is The Most Common Type Of Uveitis — Inflammation Of The Concentric Middle Layer Of The Eye (Uvea).

Causes of Iritis

  • Injury To The Eye. Blunt Force Trauma, A Penetrating Injury, Or A Burn From A Chemical Or Fire Can Cause Acute Iritis.
  • Infections. Shingles (Herpes Zoster) On Your Face Can Cause Iritis. Other Infectious Diseases, Such As Toxoplasmosis, Histoplasmosis, Tuberculosis And Syphilis, Can Be Linked To Other Types Of Uveitis.
  • Genetic Predisposition. People Who Develop Certain Autoimmune Diseases Because Of A Gene Alteration That Affects Their Immune Systems Might Also Develop Acute Iritis. Diseases Include Ankylosing Spondylitis, Reiter’s Syndrome, Inflammatory Bowel Disease And Psoriatic Arthritis.
  • Behcet’s Disease. An Uncommon Cause Of Acute Iritis In Western Countries, This Condition Is Also Characterized By Joint Problems, Mouth Sores And Genital Sores.
  • Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis. Chronic Iritis Can Develop In Children With This Condition.
  • Sarcoidosis. This Autoimmune Disease Involves The Growth Of Collections Of Inflammatory Cells (Granulomas) In Areas Of Your Body, Including Your Eyes.
  • Certain Medications. Some Drugs, Such As The Antibiotic Rifabutin (Mycobutin) And The Antiviral Medication Cidofovir, That Are Used To Treat Hiv Infections Can Be A Rare Cause Of Iritis. Stopping These Medications Usually Stops The Iritis Symptoms.

Do’s And Don’ts of Iritis

  • Relieve Of Stress

Signs & Symptoms of Iritis

  • Redness Of The Eye, Especially In The White Part Of The Eye Near The Iris
  • Discomfort In The Affected Eye
  • Sensitivity To Light (Photophobia)
  • Blurred Vision
  • Floating Spots In The Vision (Eye Floaters)

Risk Factors of Iritis

  • Smoke Tobacco: There Are Some Studies In Which Is Shown That Smoking Tobacco Can Increase Your Risk Of Iritis.
  • Have A Weakened Immune System Or An Autoimmune Disorder: These Conditions Include Reactive Arthritis And Ankylosing Spondylitis.
  • Develop A Sexually Transmitted Infection: There Are Certain Infections Such As Hiv/Aids Or Syphilis Which Are Linked To Increased Risk Of Getting Iritis.
  • Have A Specific Genetic Alteration: People Who Have A Specific Change In A Gene Which Is Essential For The Healthy Immune System Function Are Having Increased Chances Of Developing Iritis. This Change Is Labeled Hla – B27.

Medical Advice for Iritis

  • See An Eye Specialist As Soon As Possible If You Have Symptoms Of Iritis. Prompt Treatment Helps Prevent Serious Complications. If You Have Eye Pain And Vision Problems With Other Signs And Symptoms, You Might Need Urgent Medical Care.

Self Care of Iritis

  • Proper Treatment Of Iritis Reduces The Risk Of Potential Complications, Such As Glaucoma, Cataracts And Fluid Within The Retina (Cystoid Macular Edema).

Treatment for Iritis

Diagnosis

  • Your Eye Doctor Will Conduct A Complete Eye Exam, Including:
  • External Examination. Your Doctor Might Use A Penlight To Look At Your Pupils, Observe The Pattern Of Redness In One Or Both Eyes, And Check For Signs Of Discharge.
  • Visual Acuity. Your Doctor Tests How Sharp Your Vision Is Using An Eye Chart And Other Standard Tests.
  • Slit-Lamp Examination. Using A Special Microscope With A Light On It, Your Doctor Views The Inside Of Your Eye Looking For Signs Of Iritis. Dilating Your Pupil With Eye Drops Enables Your Doctor To See The Inside Of Your Eye Better.
  • If Your Eye Doctor Suspects That A Disease Or Condition Is Causing Your Iritis, He Or She May Work With Your Primary Care Doctor To Pinpoint The Underlying Cause. In That Case, Further Testing Might Include Blood Tests Or X-Rays To Identify Or Rule Out Specific Causes.
  • Iritis Treatment Is Designed To Preserve Vision And Relieve Pain And Inflammation. For Iritis Associated With An Underlying Condition, Treating That Condition Also Is Necessary.
  • Most Often, Treatment For Iritis Involves:
  • Steroid Eyedrops. Glucocorticoid Medications, Given As Eyedrops, Reduce Inflammation.
  • Dilating Eyedrops. Eyedrops Used To Dilate Your Pupil Can Reduce The Pain Of Iritis. Dilating Eyedrops Also Protect You From Developing Complications That Interfere With Your Pupil’s Function.

Investigation of Iritis

  • Eye Examination
Risk Factors of Iritis
                            Symptoms of Iritis