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Malabsorption

Information about Malabsorption

We Have to Know about the Malabsorption

  • Difficulty in the digestion or absorption of nutrients from food
  • malabsorption can be the failure to absorb specific sugars, fats, proteins, or vitamins

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • Any digestion problem?

Causes of Malabsorption

  • damage to the intestine from infection, inflammation, trauma, or surgery
  • prolonged use of antibiotics
  • other conditions such as celiac
  • disease, Crohn’s disease, chronic
  • pancreatitis, or cystic fibrosis
  • lactase deficiency, or lactose intolerance
  • certain defects that are congenital, or
  • present at birth, such as biliary atresia,
  • when the bile ducts don’t develop
  • normally and prevent the flow of bile from the liver
  • diseases of the gallbladder, liver, or pancreas
  • parasitic diseases
  • radiation therapy, which may injure the lining of the intestine
  • certain drugs that may injure the lining of the intestine, such as tetracycline, colchicine, or cholestyramine
  • The syndrome may also be caused by digestive problems. Your stomach may not be able to produce the enzymes it needs to digest certain foods
  • Or your body may not be able to mix the food you eat with the enzymes and acid produced by your stomach

Do’s of Malabsorption

  • Consult the doctor

Signs & Symptoms of Malabsorption

  • Fats: You may have light-colored, foul-smelling stools that are soft and bulky. Stools are difficult to flush and may float or stick to the sides of the toilet bowl
  • Protein: You may have dry hair, hair loss, or fluid retention. Fluid retention is also known as edema and will manifest as swelling
  • Certain sugars: You may have bloating, gas, or explosive diarrhea
  • Certain vitamin You may have anemia, malnutrition, low blood pressure, weight loss, or muscle wasting

Risk factors of Malabsorption

  • A family history of cystic fibrosis or malabsorption
  • drinking large amounts of alcohol
  • intestinal surgery
  • use of certain medications, including laxatives or mineral oil
  • travel to the Caribbean, India, and other parts of Southeast Asia

Treatment for Malabsorption

  • Two basic principles underlie the management of patients with malabsorption, as follows: (1) the correction of nutritional deficiencies, and (2) when possible, the treatment of causative diseases
  • Nutritional support
  • Supplementing various minerals, such as calcium, magnesium, iron, and vitamins, which may be deficient in malabsorption, is important
  • Caloric and protein replacement also is essential
  • Medium-chain triglycerides can be used as fat substitutes because they do not require micelle formation for absorption and their route of transport is portal rather than lymphatic
  • In severe intestinal diseases, such as massive resection and extensive regional enteritis, parenteral nutrition may become necessary

Self-care for Malabsorption

  • Consult the doctor

Investigations for Malabsorption

  • Stool Examination
  • Barium Meal, Isotope Study
  • Scan.
Investigations for Malabsorption
    Symptoms of Malabsorption