Information About Malaria
We Have to Know about the Malaria
- Malaria is an infectious disease caused by a parasite that’s transmitted by mosquitoes. The illness results in recurrent attacks of chills and fever, and it can be deadly
Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions
- stepladder type of fever?
Causes of Malaria
- Malaria can occur if a mosquito infected with the Plasmodium parasite bites you. There are four kinds of malaria parasites that can infect humans: Plasmodium vivax, P. ovale, P. malariae, and P. falciparum
- P. falciparum causes a more severe form of the disease and those who contract this form of malaria have a higher risk of death. An infected mother can also pass the disease to her baby at birth. This is known as congenital malaria
Malaria is transmitted by blood, so it can also be transmitted through:
- an organ transplant
- a transfusion
- use of shared needles or syringes
Do’s of Malaria
- Do Use repellent. /DoWear protective clothing/Do Use netting.
Signs & Symptoms of Malaria
- Moderate to severe shaking chills
- High fever
- Profuse sweating as body temperature falls
- The general feeling of unease and discomfort (malaise)
Medical advice for Malaria
- If you develop an illness with fever while living in a malaria-endemic area or within 12 months after traveling to a high-risk malaria region. See your doctor as soon as possible.
Risk factors of Malaria
- people who have little or no immunity to malaria are most at risk for serious illness. young children and infants who have yet to acquire any immunity are at risk, a pregnant woman is more vulnerable than other people
Treatment for Malaria
- Malaria can be a life-threatening condition, especially if you’re infected with the parasite p. falciparum. Treatment for the disease is typically provided in a hospital. Your doctor will prescribe medications based on the type of parasite that you have.
- In some instances, the medication prescribed may not clear the infection because of parasite resistance to drugs. If this occurs, your doctor may need to use more than one medication or change medications altogether to treat your condition.
- Additionally, certain types of malaria parasites, such as P. vivax and P. ovale, have liver stages where the parasite can live in your body for an extended period of time and reactivate at a later date causing a relapse of the infection.
- If you’re found to have one of these types of malaria parasites, you’ll be given a second medication to prevent a relapse in the future.
Self-care for Malaria
- Mosquito repellents
Investigations for Malaria
- sample (smear) of blood for observation under a microscope. Two blood samples, taken at six- and 12-hour intervals, can usually confirm the presence of the malaria parasite and its type.