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Information About Measles

We Have to Know about the Measles

  • Fever with a rash (eruptive fever) associated with running nose, cough, redness of eyes in any individual
  • Measles is primarily a respiratory infection caused by a highly contagious virus rubella

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

The above associated with

  • High degree fever even with treatment
  • Sudden loss of consciousness
  • Seizures
  • Sudden difficulty in breathing

Causes of Measles

  • The cause of measles is a virus known as rubella

Do’s of Measles

  • Do receive MMR vaccine between 12 and 15 months of age, and again between 3 and 6 years of age

Signs & Symptoms of Measles

  • Fever with Rash (Eruptive fever)
  • Running nose (Coryza)
  • A cough
  • Redness & watery eyes (Conjunctivitis)
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Tiny red spots with bluish-white centers on the inner lining of the cheek called Koplik’s spots
  • A rash made up of large, flat blotches that often flow into one another

Medical advice for Measles

  • High degree fever even with treatment
  • Sudden loss of consciousness
  • Seizures
  • Sudden difficulty in breathing.

The risk factor of Measles

  • The number of measles cases in the United States has significantly dropped in recent decades due to immunizations. However, the disease has not been completely eliminated. In fact, there were 189 cases of measles in 2015, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
  • Measles primarily occurs in unvaccinated children. Some parents choose not to vaccinate their children for fear that vaccines will have adverse effects on their children. Most children and adults who receive a measles vaccine do not experience side effects
  • But in rare cases, the vaccine has been linked to seizures, deafness, brain damage, and coma. It is important to note that these serious side effects from the measles vaccine occur in less than 1 out of every million doses of the vaccine given
  • Some parents believe that the measles vaccine can cause autism in children. However, numerous studies have proven that there is no link between autism and immunizations
  • Vitamin A deficiency is also a risk factor for measles. Children with too little vitamin A in their diets have a higher risk of catching the virus

Treatment for Measles

  • Symptomatic for fever, cough, cold and conjunctivitis
  • As per medical advice (if complicated )

Self Care for Measles

Dietary Advice: Normal regular diet with milk, egg, dal along with rice, jowar or wheat should be taken. To increase dal content in the diet include foods like idli, dosa. There are no special changes required in the diet

  • Rest and symptomatic treatment
  • Well ventilated rooms
  • Loose fitting clothes
  • Plenty of oral fluids
  • Seek respiratory relief.
  • Use a humidifier
  • Rest your eyes.
  • Isolation for 7 days

Investigations for Measles

  • Blood & urine examinations, CSF examination, ‘X’ – ray chest, Sputum examination etc
Treatment for Measles
  Symptoms of Measles