Menu Close

Acute Flaccid Paralysis

Information about Acute Flaccid Paralysis

We Have to Know about the Acute Flaccid Paralysis

  • Sudden (Acute) onset of floppiness (Flaccidity) with loss of functions (Paralysis) in any child of age under 15 yrs
  • Surveillance of the above i.e. AFP will lead to the detection of Poliomyelitis (through stool examination) or other diseases through other tests like Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV)/Electromyography (EMG)
  • The paralysis can involve any part of the body (upper limb/lower limb/trunk/neck) or group of muscles (respiratory/abdominal) due to the Brain/Spinal Cord/nerves getting affected. It is called as Monoplegia (one limb), Hemiplegia (one side of the body), Paraplegia (two lower limbs) & Quadriplegia (all four limbs) as per the involvement

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

The above associated with

  • Sudden loss of consciousness
  • Pain/Tingling/Numbness in the limbs
  • Regurgitation of feeds (through the nose) or inability to swallow or difficulty in speech
  • Rapid progression (from one limb to the other or one part to another.
  • Sudden difficulty in breathing

Causes of Acute Flaccid Paralysis

  • Guillain- Syndrome, transverse myelitis, Traumatic Neuritis, PolioMyelitis & various other diseases of the Nervous System (Meningitis, Encephalitis etc.), cerebral palsy, embolic stroke, spinal cord injury

Do’s and Don’ts of Acute Flaccid Paralysis

  • No injections (or under Medical supervision only)
  • Rest to the involved parts
  • No massages or oil applications etc

Signs & Symptoms of Acute Flaccid Paralysis

  • Pain/Tingling/Numbness in the limbs
  • Inability to move the limbs
  • Loss of sensation (of pain, temperature or of urination & defecation)
  • Drooping eyelids, dry mouth, slurred speech, blurred vision

Medical Advice for Acute Flaccid Paralysis

  • Immediately after any of the above Signs & Symptoms

Treatment for Acute Flaccid Paralysis

  • Rest to involved parts
  • As per the cause (after thorough investigations & under medical supervision)

Investigations for Acute Flaccid Paralysis

  • Stool examination, blood & Urine examinations, CSF examination, NCV & EMG, CT,MRI etc.
Causes of Acute Flaccid Paralysis
    Causes of Acute Flaccid Paralysis