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Acute Kidney Failure

Information about Acute Kidney Failure

We Have to Know about the Acute Kidney Failure

  • Sudden loss of your kidneys’ ability to perform their main function — eliminate excess fluid and waste material from your blood.

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • If you or someone you know has undergone severe injuries, burns or heatstroke, or is having seizures or slips into a coma, call 108

Causes of Acute Kidney Failure

  • Extremely low blood pressure. Severe bleeding, infection in the bloodstream (sepsis), dehydration or shock following a traumatic injury or major surgery
  • Poor heart function as in heart attack or with congestive heart failure
  • Low blood volume: Severe dehydration for example caused by prolonged vomiting or diarrhea, heatstroke or major burns — results in excessive loss of fluid, diminishing the volume of blood
  • Disorders that reduce blood supply in your kidneys: atherosclerosis
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome- leading cause of acute kidney failure in infants and young children. E Coli bacterium causes inflammation of the intestine
  • Inflammation in the kidneys: Kidney failure may also follow an infection in another part of your bodies, such as strep throat, endocarditis, typhoid fever, syphilis, and malaria, AIDS, mumps, measles or hepatitis
  • Exposure to toxic substances — such as excessive amounts of alcohol, cocaine, heavy metals, solvents and fuels, certain drugs and contrast dyes
  • Kidney stones
  • Bladder obstruction: bladder stone, blood clot, tumor or an enlarged prostate (in men)

Do’s and Don’ts of Acute Kidney Failure

  • Don’t abuse alcohol or drugs
  • Carefully follow all of your doctor’s recommendations for managing your condition if you have a chronic medical condition that increases your risk of kidney failure

Signs & Symptoms of Acute Kidney Failure

  • Decreased urine output, although occasionally urine output remains normal
  • Fluid retention, causing swelling in your legs, ankles or feet
  • Drowsiness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue, nausea
  • Confusion, too much of acid in blood and tissues
  • Seizures or coma in severe cases
  • Chest pain related to pericarditis, an inflammation of the sac-like membrane that envelops your heart

Medical Advice for Acute Kidney Failure

  • Go to your doctor promptly if you experience decreased urination or no urine output at all, fluid retention or other signs and symptoms of acute kidney failure

Risk factors of Acute Kidney Failure

  • Severe injuries or burns to a body and complicated surgery
  • Exposure to toxic substances, drug overdose, excessive use of alcohol, and long-term use of pain medications. Acute kidney failure almost always occurs in connection with another medical condition or event. Medical conditions that increase the risk of acute kidney failure include:
    • Chronic infection
    • Diabetes
    • High blood pressure
    • Heart failure
    • Kidney diseases
    • Liver diseases
    • Prostate gland enlargement
    • Bladder outlet obstruction

Treatment for Acute Kidney Failure

  • The first goal is to treat the illness or injury that originally damaged your kidneys
  • Diuretics, ureteral stent, fluid replacement.
  • Dialysis

Self-Care for Acute Kidney Failure

  • Drinking more amount of water

Investigations for Acute Kidney Failure

  • Urine test
  • Abdominal ultrasound exam
  • MRI
  • CT
Acute Kidney Failure Symptoms
        Acute Kidney Failure Symptoms