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Alcoholism

Information about Alcoholism

We Have to Know about the Alcoholism

  • Preoccupation with alcohol and impaired control over alcohol intake

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • Severe epigastric pain?

Causes of Alcoholism

  • Alcohol alters the balance of some chemicals in the brain, which inhibits impulsiveness and excites the nervous system
  • Alcohol raises levels of dopamine, which is associated with the pleasurable aspects of drinking alcohol
  • High levels of stress, anxiety or emotional pain can lead some people to drink alcohol to block out the turmoil
  • Having low-self esteem or depression
  • Having friends or a close partner who drinks regularly
  • The glamorous way that drinking alcohol is portrayed in advertising and in the media may send the message that it’s OK to drink excessively

Do’s and Don’ts of Alcoholism

  • Set a good example with your own alcohol use. Talk openly with your child and spend quality time together, but respect your child’s need for independence
  • Let your child know what behavior you expect — and what the consequences will be if he or she doesn’t follow the rules
  • Make sure your child understands the legal and medical consequences of drinking

Signs & Symptoms of Alcoholism

  • Drinking alone or in secret
  • Being unable to limit the amount of alcohol you drink
  • Not remembering conversations or commitments
  • Making a ritual of having drinks before, with or after dinner and becoming annoyed when this ritual is disturbed or questioned
  • Losing interest in activities and hobbies that used to bring pleasure
  • Feeling a need or compulsion to drink
  • Keeping alcohol in unlikely places at home, at work or in the car
  • Gulping drinks, ordering doubles, becoming intoxicated intentionally to feel good or drinking to feel “normal”
  • Experiencing physical withdrawal symptoms — such as nausea, sweating and shaking — if you don’t drink

Medical advice for Alcoholism

  • If you feel that your drinking is a problem
  • You feel guilty about your drinking and just can’t control it
  • You need a drink first thing in the morning

Risk factors of Alcoholism

  • People who begin drinking at an early age — by age 16
  • Genetic makeup may increase your risk of alcohol dependency.
  • Men are more likely to become dependent
  • Family history
  • Being severely depressed or having anxiety
  • Adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Treatment for Alcoholism

  • Evaluation, a brief intervention, an outpatient program or counseling, or a residential inpatient stay

Self-care for Alcoholism

  • Early intervention is particularly important to prevent alcohol dependence in teenagers. If you have a teenager, be alert to signs and symptoms that may indicate a problem with alcohol:
  • Less or no interest in activities and hobbies
  • Bloodshot eyes, slurred speech, and memory lapses
  • Declining grades and problems in school
  • Frequent mood changes and defensive behavior

Investigations for Alcoholism

  • Blood urea
  • SGOT and SGPT enzymes
  • a/g ratio [albumin]/globulin
Information about Alcoholism
Causes of Alcoholism