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Anal Fissure

Information about Anal Fissure

We Have to Know about the Anal Fissure

  • Small tear in the lining of the anal canal. Common in infants ages 6 to 24 months
  • Adults may develop anal fissures as a result of passing hard or large stools during bowel movements

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • Pain or bleeding with bowel movements?

Causes of Anal Fissure

  • Large or hard stool passing through the anal canal during bowel movements
  • Constipation and straining during bowel movements
  • Inflammation of the anorectal area, such as is caused by inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  • Anal sex (rarely)

Do’s and Don’ts of Anal Fissure

  • Prevent constipation. Eat high-fiber foods, drink fluids and exercise

Signs & Symptoms of Anal Fissure

  • Pain or burning during bowel movements that eases until the next bowel movement
  • Bright red blood on the outside of the stool after a bowel movement
  • Itching or irritation around the anus
  • Cracked skin

Medical advice for Anal Fissure

  • See your doctor if you have pain during bowel movements or blood on stools after a bowel movement

Risk factors of Anal Fissure

  • Old age
  • Crohn’s disease

Treatment for Anal Fissure

  • Dietary advice
  • Sitz bath
  • Topical preparations
  • Surgery

Self-care for Anal Fissure

  • Increase your fiber intake by eating more fruits, vegetables, nuts, and whole grains
  • Drink adequate fluids
  • Exercise regularly
  • Avoid straining during bowel movements
  • Develop regular bowel habit

Investigations for Anal Fissure

  • Medical history and a physical exam, including inspection of the anal region
Information about Anal Fissure
    Symptoms of Anal Fissure