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Arthritis

Information about Arthritis

We Have to Know about the Arthritis

  • Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints, which results in pain, swelling, stiffness, and limited movement
  • Osteoarthritis is the most common type and is more likely to occur as you age

Other types or cause of arthritis include:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis (in adults)
  • Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (in children)
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
  • Gout
  • Scleroderma
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Reiter’s syndrome (reactive arthritis)
  • Adult Still’s disease
  • Viral arthritis
  • Gonococcal arthritis
  • Other bacterial infections (non-gonococcal bacterial arthritis )
  • Tertiary Lyme disease (the late stage)
  • Tuberculous arthritis
  • Fungal infections such as blastomycosis

Causes of Arthritis

  • Arthritis involves the breakdown of cartilage. Cartilage normally protects the joint, allowing for smooth movement. Cartilage also absorbs shock when pressure is placed on the joint. Without the usual amount of cartilage, the bones rub together, causing pain, swelling (inflammation), and stiffness.

Joint inflammation can be caused by any of the following reasons :

  • Broken bone
  • Infection (usually caused by bacteria or viruses)
  • An autoimmune disease (the body attacks itself because the immune system believes a body part is foreign)
  • General “wear and tear” on joints

Do’s and Don’ts of Arthritis

  • Joint damage can be prevented if arthritis is diagnosed and treated early
  • physiotherapy is adviced

Symptoms of Arthritis

  • Joint pain
  • Joint swelling
  • Stiffness, especially in the morning
  • Warmth around a joint
  • Redness of the skin around a joint
  • Reduced ability to move the joint
  • Fatigue, malaise
  • Decreased range of motility
  • Difficulty in walking

Risk Factors of Arthritis

  • Excess weight also increases the risk of developing osteoarthritis in the knees, hips, and hands
  • Osteoarthritis may be more likely to develop if you overuse your joints (injure them many times or over-use them while injured)
  • Arthritis can occur in men and women of all ages
  • Smoking

Medical advice for Arthritis

Call a doctor if the

  • Joint pain persists beyond 3 days
  • It is a severe unexplained joint pain
  • The affected joint is significantly swollen
  • You have a hard time moving the joint
  • Your skin around the joint is red or hot to the touch
  • You have a fever or have lost weight unintentionally

Self Care for Arthritis

  • Take care not to overwork a damaged or sore joint and avoid excessive repetitive motions

Treatment for Arthritis

  • Medication, Surgery in some cases

Investigations for Arthritis

  • Blood Tests, Joint X-Rays
Information about Arthritis
       Symptoms of Arthritis