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Asthma

Information about Asthma

We Have to Know about the Asthma

  • Asthma is a serious condition that affects the airways. It usually occurs in episodes, called “attacks”, during which the airways to the lungs narrow, making it hard to breathe. It is a hypersensitivity reaction. Asthma attacks are seldom fatal with the prompt, correct treatment
  • A disorder of airways which causes wheezing, breathlessness, tightness of chest and cough
  • Caused by exposure to substances causing allergy

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • Extreme difficulty breathing
  • Bluish color to the lips and face
  • Severe anxiety due to shortness of breath
  • Rapid pulse
  • Sweating
  • Decreased level of alertness, such as severe drowsiness or confusion, during an asthma attack

First Aid

Home treatment

  • Help the person find and take his medication quickly. Talk to him in a calm, reassuring manner, and encourage him to sit quietly until help arrives

Causes of Asthma

  • Exposure to substances causing allergy
  • Sometimes cause may not be known
  • Family history
  • respiratory infections
  • certain emotions
  • stress
  • GERD [gastroesophageal reflux]

Do’s and Don’ts of Asthma

  • Avoid physical exercise and take doctor’s advice in this regard
  • Avoid known allergic substances

Signs & Symptoms Asthma

  • Rapid, loud or uneven breathing
  • Breathing problems make talking difficult
  • A cough with or without sputum (phlegm) production
  • Shortness of breath that gets worse with exercise or activity
  • Intercostal retractions (pulling of the skin between the ribs when breathing)
  • Tight or sore chest
  • Sweating
  • Paleness
  • Vomiting
  • Coughing
  • Nostrils flaring
  • Throat-clearing
  • Anxiety
  • Fatigue
  • Bronchospasm
  • Flushing

Wheezing or a whistling sound when inhaling-Usually begins suddenly

  • Comes in episodes
  • Maybe worse at night or in the early morning
  • Gets worse with cold air, exercise, and heartburn (reflux)
  • May go away on its own
  • Is relieved by bronchodilators (drugs that open the airways)

Medical advice for Asthma

  • Mild to moderate asthma symptoms
  • An asthmatic is using his medication increasingly frequently
  • You suspect an undiagnosed person has asthma
  • Someone is struggling to breathe or is unusually short of breath
  • A person is asthmatic and his medication doesn’t bring relief
  • The person has difficulty walking or talking
  • Fingernails and lips turn bluish-gray

Treatment for Asthma

  • Generally responds to medicines [broncho dialators] and oxygen

Self-care for Asthma

  • Avoid known allergies

Investigations for Asthma

  • Lung function tests, Blood tests, X-ray chest
We Have to Know about the Asthma
Stages of Asthma