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Bed Sores

Information about Bed Sores

We Have to Know about the Bed Sores

  • Area of skin that breaks down when a person is in one position for too long without shifting weight
  • Generally happens in persons who are in wheelchairs or in on bed in one position for longer times

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • Any loss of sensation in the buttocks?

Causes of Bed Sores 

  • Being elderly
  • Inability to move certain parts of the body without assistance, such as after spinal or brain injury or if one has a neuromuscular disease (like multiple sclerosis)
  • Malnourishment.
  • Being bedridden or in a wheelchair
  • Having a chronic condition, such as diabetes or vascular disease, that prevents areas of the body from receiving proper blood flow
  • Urinary incontinence or bowel incontinence. (Moisture next to the skin for long periods of time can cause skin irritation that may lead to skin breakdown.)
  • Fragile skin
  • Mental disability from conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease. (The patient may not be able to properly prevent or treat pressure ulcers.)

Do’s and Don’ts of Bed Sores

  • Avoid the patient being one position of bed whenever long-standing bed rest is unavoidable
  • Use pillows or special cushions to relieve pressure on one particular area of the body
  • Do not massage the area of the ulcer

Signs & Symptoms of Bed Sores

  • Red area of skin at the pressure point
  • Skin blisters or open sores
  • Deep ulcers that damage muscles and bones in long-standing cases
  • Pus draining from sores
  • Fever
  • Foul smelling odor

Medical advice for Bed Sores

  • A foul odor from the ulcer
  • Redness and tenderness around the ulcer
  • Skin close to the ulcer is warm and swollen

Risk factors of Bed Sores

  • Paralysis
  • Peripheral vascular diseases
  • Incontinence
  • Acute illness
  • Decreased mobility
  • Malnutrition

Treatment for Bed Sores

  • Surgical repair
  • Tissue flap
  • Plastic surgery to replace the tissue

Self-care for Bed Sores

  • Prolong taking rest should be avoided
  • Walking and exercises should be done

Investigations for Bed Sores

  • Serum albumin
  • Serum sodium.
Causes of Bed Sores
     Bed Sores