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Bleeding between Menstrual Periods

Information About Bleeding between Menstrual Periods

We Have to Know about the Bleeding between Menstrual Periods

  • Bleeding from the uterus that occurs between menstrual periods

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • Is the bleeding very heavy and prolonged?

Causes of Bleeding between Menstrual Periods

  • Uterine fibroids or polyps
  • Injury or disease of the vaginal opening (caused by intercourse, infection, polyp, genital warts, ulcer, or varicose veins)
  • Vaginal injury from the insertion of foreign objects, from malignancy, or from infection
  • Dry vaginal walls resulting from lack of estrogen after menopause
  • Pregnancy complicated by abortion (spontaneous or induced)
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Fluctuation in hormone levels
  • Stopping and starting birth control pills or estrogens
  • Low thyroid function
  • IUD use (may cause occasional spotting)
  • Drugs such as anticoagulants
  • Cervical conization or cauterization procedures
  • Stress

Do’s and Don’ts-Bleeding between Menstrual Periods

  • Don’t use unhygienic pads

Signs & Symptoms of Bleeding between Menstrual Periods

  • Clots passing through the vagina
  • Heavy blood loss causing anemia
  • Dizziness, weakness

Medical advice for Bleeding between Menstrual Periods

If for Bleeding between Menstrual Periods

  • You are pregnant
  • There is unexplained bleeding between periods especially postcoital
  • There is any bleeding after menopause
  • Abnormal bleeding is accompanied by other symptoms

Risk factors for Bleeding between Menstrual Periods

  • Endometrial polyp
  • Fibroids
  • Endometriosis
  • Adenomyosis
  • Anticoagulant

Treatment of Bleeding between Menstrual Periods

  • Medicines
  • Minor procedures
  • Surgery for some cases

Self-care for Bleeding between Menstrual Periods

  • anti-inflammatory medication

Investigations for Bleeding between Menstrual Periods

  • Urine pregnancy test
  • Cervical cultures for sexually transmitted diseases
  • Blood tests for thyroid and ovarian functions.
  • Pap smear (if not currently bleeding)
  • Endometrial biopsy
  • Pelvic ultrasound
Bleeding between Menstrual Periods
Bleeding between Menstrual Periods