Menu Close

Blood Cancer (Leukemia)

Information about Blood Cancer (Leukemia)

We Have to Know about the Blood Cancer (Leukemia)

  • Leukemia is a form of cancer that affects the lymphatic system and bone marrow
  • Leukemia is either acute (coming on suddenly) or chronic (lasting a long time)
  • Chronic leukemia rarely affects children, whereas acute leukemia affects both adults and children

Acute Leukemia

  • With acute leukemia, immature blood cells reproduce quickly in the bone marrow, where they eventually crowd out healthy cells. When present in high numbers, these immature, abnormal cells sometimes can spread to other organs, causing damage.

Chronic Leukemia

  • Chronic leukemia is when the body produces too many blood cells that have developed part way but often cannot function like mature blood cells. Chronic leukemia usually develops more slowly.

Causes of Blood Cancer (Leukemia)

  • The vast majorities of leukemias occur in people without any family history of leukemia and are not believed to be inherited
  • However, some forms of the disease, especially chronic lymphoid leukemia, occasionally strike close relatives in the same family
  • Certain genetic abnormalities (such as Down’s syndrome) have been linked to the development of specific forms of leukemia
  • In cases of myeloid leukemia, an increased risk of the illness has been linked to excessive exposure to radiation

Signs & Symptoms of Blood Cancer (Leukemia)

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Aches in bones or joints
  • Headaches
  • Skin Rashes
  • Swollen glands (lymph nodes)
  • Frequent infections
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Bleeding or swelling of gums
  • An enlarged spleen or liver, or a feeling of abdominal fullness
  • Slow-healing cuts, nosebleeds or frequent bruises

Do and Don’ts of Blood Cancer (Leukemia)

  • There is no way to prevent most forms of leukemia.
  • Close relatives of people with leukemia should undergo routine physical exams

Medical advice for Blood Cancer (Leukemia)

See a doctor if you have

  • Frequent infections
  • Abnormal bruising or bleeding
  • Swollen glands
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Persistent fatigue or any other symptoms of leukemia

Treatment for Blood Cancer (Leukemia)

  • Blood transfusion to treat anemia
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Bone Marrow Transplant

Investigations for Blood Cancer (Leukemia)

  • Blood tests
  • Bone marrow biopsy
Causes of Blood Cancer (Leukemia)
Causes of Blood Cancer (Leukemia)