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Bronchiectasis

Information about Bronchiectasis

We Have to Know about the Bronchiectasis

  • Bronchiectasis is destruction and widening of the large airways

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  •  Shortness of breath?

Causes of Bronchiectasis

  • Bronchiectasis is often caused by recurrent inflammation or infection of the airways. It may be present at birth, but most often begins in childhood as a complication from infection or inhaling a foreign object.
  • It can also be caused by routinely breathing in food particles while eating.
  • Symptoms often develop gradually and may occur months or years after the event that causes the bronchiectasis.

Do’s and Don’ts of Bronchiectasis

  • The risk may be reduced if lung infections are promptly treated.

Signs & Symptoms of Bronchiectasis

  • A chronic cough with large amounts of foul-smelling sputum production
  • Coughing up blood
  • A cough worsened by lying on one side
  • Shortness of breath worsened by exercise
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Clubbing of fingers may be present (abnormal amount of tissue in the fingernail beds)
  • Wheezing
  • Skin discoloration, bluish
  • Paleness
  • Breath odor

Medical advice for Bronchiectasis

  • Symptoms worsen or do not improve with treatment
  • There is a change in color or amount of sputum or bloody sputum
  • Chest pain or shortness of breath increases

Risk factors of Bronchiectasis

  • Recurrent, severe lung infections (pneumonia, tuberculosis, fungal infections), abnormal lung defenses, and obstruction of the airway by a foreign body or tumor are some of the predisposing factors.

Treatment for Bronchiectasis

  • Medication
  • Surgical lung resection may be indicated for those who fail to respond to therapy or for massive bleeding.

Self-care for Bronchiectasis

  • Avoid upper respiratory infections, smoking, and pollution

Investigations for Bronchiectasis

  • Chest x-ray
  • Chest CT
  • Sputum culture
Medical advice for Bronchiectasis
 Symptoms of Bronchiectasis