Information about Bronchiectasis
We Have to Know about the Bronchiectasis
- Bronchiectasis is destruction and widening of the large airways
Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions
- Shortness of breath?
Causes of Bronchiectasis
- Bronchiectasis is often caused by recurrent inflammation or infection of the airways. It may be present at birth, but most often begins in childhood as a complication from infection or inhaling a foreign object.
- It can also be caused by routinely breathing in food particles while eating.
- Symptoms often develop gradually and may occur months or years after the event that causes the bronchiectasis.
Do’s and Don’ts of Bronchiectasis
- The risk may be reduced if lung infections are promptly treated.
Signs & Symptoms of Bronchiectasis
- A chronic cough with large amounts of foul-smelling sputum production
- Coughing up blood
- A cough worsened by lying on one side
- Shortness of breath worsened by exercise
- Weight loss
- Clubbing of fingers may be present (abnormal amount of tissue in the fingernail beds)
- Skin discoloration, bluish
- Breath odor
Medical advice for Bronchiectasis
- Symptoms worsen or do not improve with treatment
- There is a change in color or amount of sputum or bloody sputum
- Chest pain or shortness of breath increases
Risk factors of Bronchiectasis
- Recurrent, severe lung infections (pneumonia, tuberculosis, fungal infections), abnormal lung defenses, and obstruction of the airway by a foreign body or tumor are some of the predisposing factors.
Treatment for Bronchiectasis
- Surgical lung resection may be indicated for those who fail to respond to therapy or for massive bleeding.
Self-care for Bronchiectasis
- Avoid upper respiratory infections, smoking, and pollution
Investigations for Bronchiectasis
- Chest x-ray
- Chest CT
- Sputum culture