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Information about Cancer

We Have to Know about the Cancer

  • Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. Cancerous cells are also called malignant cells.
  • Cells are the building blocks of living things. Cancer grows out of normal cells in the body. Normal cells multiply when the body needs them, and die when the body doesn’t
  • Cancer appears to occur when the growth of cells in the body is out of control and cells divide too rapidly. It can also occur when cells “forget” how to die.
  • Cancer can develop in almost any organ or tissue, such as the lung, colon, breast, skin, bones, or nerve tissue

There are many different kinds of cancers.

  • Brain cancer
  • Cervical cancer
  • Uterine cancer
  • Liver cancer
  • Leukemia
  • Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Kidney cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Skin cancer
  • Testicular cancer
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Lung Cancer
  • Colon Cancer
  • Breast Cancer

Causes of Cancer

There are multiple causes of cancers, including:

  • Radiation
  • Sunlight
  • Tobacco
  • Certain viruses
  • Benzene
  • However, the cause of many cancers remains unknown

The most common cause of cancer-related death is lung cancer

Do’s and Don’ts of Cancer

  • One of the best ways to prevent cancer is to not smoke or chew tobacco. Many cancers can be prevented by avoiding risk factors such as excessive exposure to sunlight and heavy drinking
  • Cancer screenings, such as mammography and breast examination for breast cancer and colonoscopy for colon cancer, may help catch these cancers at their early, most treatable stages

Signs & Symptoms of Cancer

  • Symptoms of cancer depend on the type and location of the tumor. For example, lung cancer can cause coughing, shortness of breath, or chest pain, while colon cancer often causes diarrhea, constipation, and blood in the stool
  • Some cancers may not have any symptoms at all. In some cancers, such as gallbladder cancer, symptoms often are not present until the disease has reached an advanced stage

However, the following symptoms are common with most cancers:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Night Sweats
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Malaise

Medical advice for Cancer

Risk factors of Cancer

Treatment for Cancer

  • Treatment also varies based on the type of cancer and its stage. The stage of cancer refers to how much it has grown and whether the tumor has spread from its original location
  • If the cancer is confined to one location and has not spread, the goal for treatment would be surgery and cure. This is often the case with skin cancers
  • If the tumor has spread to local lymph nodes only, sometimes these can also be removed
  • If all of the cancer cannot be removed with surgery, the options for treatment include radiation, chemotherapy, or both. Some cancers require a combination of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy

Self-care for Cancer

Investigations for Cancer

  • CT scan
  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • Blood chemistries
  • Biopsy of the tumor
  • Bone marrow biopsy (for lymphoma or leukemia)
  • Chest x-ray