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Cholera

Information about Cholera

We Have to Know about the Cholera

  • Cholera is a serious bacterial disease that causes severe diarrhea
  • Spreads through contaminated water
  • Left untreated, cholera can cause death in a matter of hours
  • Easily treated. Death results from severe dehydration that can be prevented with a simple and inexpensive rehydration solution

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions 

  • Do you have severe watery diarrhea and vomitings
  • Do you have extremely dry and shriveled skin that’s slow to bounce back when pinched into a fold
  • Are you experiencing extreme thirst
  • Are you having low urine output

Causes of Cholera

  • Contaminated water supplies, surface or well water
  • Eating raw or undercooked seafood, especially shellfish
  • Raw fruits and vegetables
  • Grains such as rice and millet that are contaminated after cooking and allowed to remain at room temperature for several hours become a medium for the growth of cholera bacteria

Do’s and Don’ts of Cholera

  • Wash your hands thoroughly with hot, soapy water, especially before eating or preparing food, after using the toilet, and when you return from public places
  • Avoid untreated water. Drink only bottled water or water you’ve boiled or disinfected yourself. Carefully wipe the outside of all bottles and cans before you open them and ask for drinks without ice
  • Eat food that’s completely cooked and hot
  • Be careful with fruits and vegetables
  • Be wary of dairy foods. Avoid ice cream, which is often contaminated and unpasteurized milk

Signs & Symptoms of Cholera  

Severe, watery diarrhea. Cholera diarrhea often is voluminous, flecked with mucus and dead cells, and has a pale, milky appearance that resembles water in which rice has been rinsed (rice-water stool). What makes cholera diarrhea so deadly is the loss of large amounts of fluids in a short time

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Muscle cramps
  • Dehydration- irritability, lethargy, sunken eyes, a dry mouth, extreme thirst, dry, shriveled skin that’s slow to bounce back when pinched into a fold, little or no urine output, low blood pressure, and an irregular heartbeat
  • The shock which can cause death in a matter of minutes

Signs and symptoms of cholera in children

  • In addition to the above symptoms, extreme drowsiness or even coma
  • Fever and convulsions

Medical advice for Cholera

  • If you have diarrhea and dehydration. It is a medical emergency that requires immediate care

Risk factors of Cholera

  • Malnutrition
  • Reduced or nonexistent stomach acid like in people with gastric surgery, who are taking antacids
  • Compromised immunity
  • Type O blood
  • Raw or undercooked shellfish

Treatment for Cholera

  • Medications
  • Severe conditions – Intravenous fluids
  • Oral Fluids

Self-care for Cholera

  • Oral Rehydration Salts
  • Start a small amount of water/aerosol/buttermilk/coconut

Investigations for Cholera

  • Stool Test
Causes of Cholera
                               Cholera