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Information about Cold

We Have to Know about the Cold

  • Colds are short-lived viral infections of the upper airways
  • Spread via contaminated fingers and objects

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • A persistent cough, headache, body pains?

Causes of Cold

  • Rhinoviruses spread by direct contact with infected secretions e.g. touching objects such as handkerchiefs, door-knobs or eating utensils

Do’s and Don’ts of Cold

  • Wash your hands often, especially when you are around people with colds
  • Stop smoking. Smoking irritates the mucous membranes of the nose, sinuses, and lungs, which may make them more susceptible to infections
  • Keep your stress levels under control
  • When you have a cold, avoid sneezing without covering your mouth
  • Use disposable tissues rather than a handkerchief

Signs & Symptoms of Cold

  • A sore throat, running nose and feeling unwell
  • A headache, tiredness and muscle aches
  • The watery secretions thicken during the first day and become yellow or green in color

Medical advice for Cold

  • When an infant less than two months old develops a fever higher than 38.5°C
  • Signs of croup (noisy and obviously difficult efforts to breathe in, barking cough) following a cold in a small child which can lead to sudden complete obstruction of the airway
  • Severe coughing fits in a small child
  • If you have a persistent (more than 10 days’ duration) a productive cough with green, yellow, brown or rust-colored sputum coughed up from the lungs rather than the back of the throat
  • You experience difficult or shallow breathing, or whistling noises when you breathe
  • A persistent nasal discharge in the absence of cold symptoms, especially if the discharge is bloodstained
  • Ear pain lasts longer than 24 hours, or severe ear pain lasts longer than an hour

Throat pain that lasts longer than three to four days and seems different to a normal cold

Risk factors of Cold

  • Contracting a cold virus may be facilitated by fatigue, emotional distress, allergic nasal disorders or the mid-phase of the menstrual cycle

Treatment for Cold

  • With taking medication and absence of medication also cold persists for a minimum of seven days
  • Taking medication may relieve the patient’s symptoms

Self-care for Cold

  • Drink lots of fluids
  • Try chicken soup
  • Gargle with warm water

Investigations for Cold

 Symptoms of Cold
                      Causes of Cold