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Coma

Information about Coma

We Have to Know about the Coma

  • State of prolonged unconsciousness in which the brain functions at its lowest level of alertness due to widespread and diffuse injury to the brain
  • A person in a coma can’t be awakened and doesn’t respond purposefully to physical or verbal stimulation

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

Causes of Coma

Anatomic causes

  • Transportation accidents
  • Acts of violence, such as assaults and child abuse
  • Suicide attempts involving firearms
  • Sports activities

Metabolic causes

  • Blood sugar levels that get too high (hyperglycemia) or get too low (hypoglycemia)
  • Severe cases of encephalitis and meningitis
  • Liver failure or kidney failure
  • Reye’s syndrome. This rare but serious condition that can affect the blood, liver, and brain is linked to giving children aspirin and can result in coma

Do’s and Don’ts of Coma

  • Use seat belts and safety seats
  • Wear a helmet while driving a two-wheeler
  • Wear a helmet when engaging in sports or activities
  • Be careful with firearms
  • To prevent head injury from falling, use a stepstool, install handrails on stairways, install window guards to protect small children, and use safety gates on stairs

Signs & Symptoms of Coma

  • Closed eyes
  • Lack of consciousness
  • No response to stimuli, such as pain or light
  • Inability to be aroused
  • Lack of sleep-wake cycles

Medical advice for Coma

  • A coma is a complication of a severe brain injury. Seeking medical assistance immediately when a severe head injury is sustained is extremely important

Risk factors of Coma

  • Poverty, overcrowded housing, unsafe play areas and increased exposure to physical danger are some of the conditions that can lead to accidents resulting in head and brain injuries
  • Transportation accidents
  • Violence
  • Many incidents that result in traumatic brain injuries involve alcohol
  • Falls can cause traumatic brain injuries in people older than 75
  • Males are twice as likely as females are to suffer a traumatic brain injury
  • Developmental disabilities
  • Diabetes
  • Reye’s syndrome
  • Encephalitis
  • Stroke, Brain tumor

Treatment for Coma

Self-care for Coma

Investigations for Coma

  • EEG, CT Scan, MRI
Medical advice for Coma
               Transportation accidents