Menu Close

Common Cold

Information about of Common Cold

We Have to Know about the Common Cold

  • Colds are short-lived viral infections of the nasal cavity

Causes of Common Cold

  • It is an airborne infection. It spreads from person to person directly by sneezing and coughing or indirectly by contaminated fingers, towels, bed sheets, and handkerchiefs etc.

Do’s of Common Cold

  • Wash your hands often after you come in contact with contaminated objects (contaminated fingers, towels, bed sheets and handkerchiefs)

Don’ts of Common Cold

  • When you have a cold, avoid sneezing and coughing in public or cover your nose & mouth with handkerchief or piece of cloth

Signs & Symptoms of Common Cold

  • Sneezing, running nose, nasal obstruction, feeling of unwell and feverishness
  • A headache, tiredness and body pains
  • Cold starts with the watery secretions and later thicken and may become yellow or green in color due to secondary infection

Medical advice for Common Cold

  • A persistent nasal discharge with a bloodstain, associated with ear pain and/or ear discharge
  • Throat pain that lasts longer than one week
  • In children below 5 years – a cough, noisy breathing and shortness of breath
  • An infant(less than 1year) with a severe fever more than 100°F

Risk factors of Common Cold

  • Low standard of personal hygiene and living conditions (overcrowding, ill-ventilated housing) are contributory factors
  • Low vitality, exposure to cold, sudden changes in temperature, exposure to dust, and other irritating inhalations are important contributory factors

Self-care for Common Cold

  • Drink lots of fluids
  • Gargle with warm water mixed with a pinch of salt

Other Advice

Home Remedies

Common Cold treatment using Lemon

  • Lemon is the most important among the many home remedies for common cold. It is beneficial in all types of cold with fever. Vitamin C-rich lemon juice increases body resistance, decreases toxicity and reduces the duration of the illness
  • Two teaspoonfuls of lemon juice in a glass of warm water, a pinch of salt and a teaspoon of honey/sugar added to it. This should be taken once or twice daily

Common Cold treatment using Tamarind and Pepper.

  • Tamarind-pepper rasam is also considered an effective home remedy for a cold
  • Boil tamarind (size of a lemon) in 250 ml of water for 10 minutes and add a half a teaspoon of black pepper powder and salt to taste
  • Hot steam inhalation
Symptoms of Common Cold
                     Causes of Common Cold