Menu Close

Congenital Heart Disease

Information about Congenital Heart Disease

We Have to Know about the Congenital Heart Disease

  • Congenital heart disease refers to a problem with the heart’s structure and function due to abnormal heart development before birth. Congenital means present at birth
  • Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a broad term that can describe a number of different problems affecting the heart
  • While congenital heart disease is present at birth, the symptoms may not be immediately obvious
  • Defects such as coarctation of the aorta may not cause problems for many years
  • Other problems, such as a small ventricular septal defect (VSD), may never cause any problems and some people with a VSD have normal physical activity and a normal life span
  • Some congenital heart diseases can be treated with medication alone, while others require one or more surgeries

Causes of Congenital Heart Disease

  • No known cause can be identified for most congenital heart defects

Signs & Symptoms of Congenital Heart Disease

  • Symptoms depend on the specific condition

Do and Don’ts of Congenital Heart Disease

  • Avoid alcohol and other drugs during pregnancy. Physicians should be made aware that a woman is pregnant before prescribing for any medications for her. A blood test should be done early in the pregnancy to see if the woman is immune to rubella. If the mother is not immune, she must avoid any possible exposure to rubella and should be immunized immediately following delivery
  • Poorly controlled sugar levels in type 1 diabetes are also associated with a high rate of congenital heart defects during pregnancy
  • Experts believe that some prescription and over-the-counter medications and street drugs used during pregnancy increase the risk of heart defects
  • There may be some hereditary factors that play a role in congenital heart disease
  • Expectant mothers should receive good prenatal care. Many congenital defects can be discovered on routine ultrasound examinations performed by an obstetrician. The delivery can then be anticipated and the appropriate medical personnel (such as a pediatric cardiologist, a cardiothoracic surgeon, and a neonatologist) can be present, and ready to help as necessary. Such preparation can mean the difference between life and death for some babies

Medical advice for Congenital Heart Disease

  • Call your health care provider if you suspect that your child has a heart problem

Risk factors of Congenital Heart Disease

Treatment for Congenital Heart Disease

  • Treatment depends on the specific condition. Most congenital heart diseases require medications and surgery to repair the defect

Investigations for Congenital Heart Disease

  • Diagnostic tests depend on the specific condition
Causes of Congenital Heart Disease
                  Congenital Heart Disease