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Congo Haemorrhagic Fever

Information about Congo Haemorrhagic Fever

We Have to Know about the Congo Haemorrhagic Fever

  • Congo haemorrhagic fever is a viral haemorrhagic fever
  • The disease spreads by an infected tick
  • Congo haemorrhagic fever is a disease with a high mortality rate in humans
  • This is not a common disease in Human beings. Animal infection is more common

Causes of Congo Haemorrhagic Fever

  • Humans become infected with the virus from direct contact with blood or other infected tissues from infected livestock during this time
  • Or they may become infected from a tick bite

Risk Factors of Congo Haemorrhagic Fever

  • Majority of cases have been reported in people involving in the livestock industry, such as agricultural workers, slaughterhouse workers, and veterinarians
  • Healthcare workers in endemic areas should be aware of the illness and the correct infection control procedures to protect themselves and their patients from the risk of nosocomial (hospital-acquired) infection

Symptoms of Congo Haemorrhagic Fever

  • The onset of symptoms is sudden, with more than one of the following symptoms
    • Fever
    • myalgia (aching muscles)
    • Dizziness
    • Neck pain and stiffness
    • A backache
    • A headache
    • Sore eyes and photophobia (sensitivity to light)

It may be associated with

  • Nausea, vomiting and sore throat early on, which may be accompanied by diarrhea and generalized abdominal pain

Over the next few days, the patient may experience

  • Sharp mood swings, and may become confused and aggressive
  • After two to four days, the agitation may be replaced by sleepiness, depression, and lassitude, and the abdominal pain may localize to the right upper quadrant

Medical advice for Congo Haemorrhagic Fever

  • People with a high risk of infection should contact the doctor immediately after developing the suspected symptoms

Do’s of Congo Haemorrhagic Fever

  • Persons living in endemic areas should use avoid areas where tick vectors are abundant
  • Persons who work with livestock or other animals in the endemic areas should use
  • Repellents on the skin and clothing and wear gloves or other protective clothing to prevent skin contact with infected tissue or blood
  • When patients with Congo haemorrhagic fever are admitted to the hospital, there is a risk of nosocomial spread of infection
  • Patients with suspected or confirmed Congo haemorrhagic fever should be isolated
  • Healthcare workers are at risk of acquiring infection from sharp injuries during surgical procedures

Don’ts of Congo Haemorrhagic Fever

  • Do not get in close contact with people with the symptoms
  • Do not go to work without taking personal protection measures, if you suspect animals are infected

Treatment for Congo Haemorrhagic Fever

  • Symptomatic and general supportive therapy
  • Intensive monitoring to decide and blood component replacement
  • The antiviral drug Ribavirin has been used in the treatment of established Congo hemorrhagic fever infection with apparent benefit

Investigation for Congo Haemorrhagic Fever

Risk Factors of Congo Haemorrhagic Fever
                 Congo Haemorrhagic Fever