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Information about Constipation

We Have to Know about the Constipation

  • Difficult and painful passing of a hardened stool.

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions               

Causes of Constipation

  • Too little fiber and/or too little water
  • Voluntary delay of bowel movements.
  • Lack of exercise
  • Medication
  • Pain caused by hemorrhoids and anal fissures
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Excessive amounts of calcium in the blood due to hyperparathyroidism
  • Diseases of the nervous system, such as Hirschsprung’s disease or diseases affecting the whole nervous system such as spinal cord damage

Do’s and Don’ts of Constipation    

Signs & Symptoms of Constipation

  • Cramping and pain in the rectum along with bloating and nausea.
  • Small amounts of bright red blood appear on the stool.
  • Appetite may be suppressed.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Chronic constipation- Involuntary release of urine and constipation alternating with liquid diarrhea

Medical advice for Constipation    

Risk factors of Constipation

  • If you’re pregnant, bouts of constipation can occur  because of hormonal changes

Treatment for Constipation         

Self-care for Constipation

  • High-fiber foods.
  • Cereals containing 3 g or more of dietary fiber per serving.
  • Add 100% bran cereal or unprocessed wheat bran to cereal or soup and choose fiber-containing snacks, such as whole grain crackers, fresh fruits (apricots, peaches, pears, raisins, figs, and dates), raw vegetables (cauliflower), popcorn, nuts, and seeds.
  • Pulses (dried peas, beans, and lentils) and nuts
  • Avoid foods that are high in fat and sugar. Constipation may worsen with diets high in fat, sugar, protein or dairy products.
  • Drink enough fluids.
  • For babies and young children: Breastfeed your infant.
  • Add the correct amount of water to the infant’s formula.
  • Give grape, pear, or apple juice twice a day.
  • Avoid too many dairy products, such as milk, ice cream, cheese, and curd.

Investigation for Constipation

Causes of Constipation