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Contact Dermatitis

Information about Contact Dermatitis

We Have to Know about the Contact Dermatitis

  • Contact dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin caused by direct contact with a substance that irritates it or causes an allergic reaction
  • Natural and artificial chemicals that can trigger contact dermatitis, includes ingredients found in soaps, household cleaners, laundry detergents, metal jewelry, perfumes, industrial solvents, cosmetics, and shampoos

Causes of Contact Dermatitis

  • Irritant contact dermatitis: involves inflammation resulting from contact to a chemical that is poisonous (toxic) or irritating to human skin, for example, strong soaps or solvents
  • Allergic contact dermatitis is an immune reaction that occurs only in people who are naturally oversensitive to certain substances
  • The allergic reaction is often delayed, with the rash appearing 24-36 hours after exposure

Common allergens associated with contact dermatitis include:

  • Plant – bushes secretions – Beera – Jilledu – Ganneru – etc
  • Gold & Silver metals
  • Medications, Antibiotics, especially those applied to the surface of the skin (topical)
  • Rubber (latex in gloves) – Cosmetics
  • Detergents, solvents, adhesives, fragrances, perfumes and other chemicals and substances

Do’s and Don’ts of Contact Dermatitis

  • Don’t scratch the affected area

Signs & Symptoms of Contact Dermatitis

  • Irritant contact dermatitis: Redness of the skin in mild cases. Severe cases may cause skin swelling or blistering. Symptoms usually begin immediately after exposure to the harmful substance, and they are restricted to areas of the skin that have been in contact with the irritant
  • Allergic contact dermatitis: Skin redness, blistering and severe itching. Symptoms may not appear for several hours or even days after exposure to the allergen

Medical advice for Contact Dermatitis

  • See a doctor if symptoms develop

Risk Factors of Contact Dermatitis

  • Contact Dermatitis is one of the occupational diseases; (health care workers, homemakers, janitors, mechanics, and hairdressers Agriculture laborers)

Treatment for Contact Dermatitis

  • Wash with lots of water to remove any trace of the irritant that may remain on the skin
  • Avoid further exposure to known irritants or allergens
  • Wet dressings and soothing anti-itch (antipruritic) or drying lotions may be recommended by the doctor to reduce other symptoms

Self Care for Contact Dermatitis

  • Avoid exposure to irritating chemicals, plants, jewelry and other substances that trigger allergic reactions
  • Avoid contact with known allergens
  • Use protective gloves or other barriers if contact with substances is likely or unavoidable.
  • Wash skin surfaces thoroughly after contact with substances

Investigations for Contact Dermatitis

  • Not essential – Intelligence observation and recording will reveal the allergen by patient itself
Risk Factors of Contact Dermatitis
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