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COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

Information about COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

We Have to Know about the COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

  • COPD is characterized by obstructive airflow into and out of the lungs, which can only be partially resolved with standard medication

It includes:

  • Chronic bronchitis- inflammatory reaction in the small and large airway walls
  • Emphysema- a destruction of the delicate gas exchange part of the lung
  • Cystic fibrosis

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • The difficulty of breath?

Causes of COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

  • Long term cigarette smoking
  • Irritants like cigar smoke, second-hand smoke, air pollution, and occupational fumes

Do’s and Don’ts of (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

  • Stop smoking
  • Wear a mask when working near any of the lung irritants

Signs & Symptoms of (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

  • Shortness of breath
  • Irritating persistent cough accompanied by sputum production or a wheeze
  • Increased mucus production

Medical advice for (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

  • If you are a smoker with signs and symptoms of COPD

Risk factors of (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

  • Exposure to tobacco smoke
  • Occupational exposure to dust and chemicals

Treatment for (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

There is no cure to COPD, but to control symptoms and reduce complications, the following can be done:

  • Cessation of smoking
  • Rehabilitation
  • Continuous home oxygen
  • Regular daily use of bronchodilators

Self-care for (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

  •  Breathing exercises?

Investigations for (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

  • Pulmonary function tests
  • Chest x-ray
  • Sputum examination
  • CT Scan
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
                      The difficulty of breath?