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Information about Croup

We Have to Know about the Croup

  • A harsh, repetitive cough which is the result of swelling around the vocal cords (larynx) and windpipe

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • A persistent cough, and changing of voice?

Causes of Croup

  • Parainfluenza virus
  • Your child may contract a virus by breathing infected respiratory droplets coughed or sneezed into the air
  • If your child touches a contaminated surface and then touches his or her eyes, nose or mouth, an infection may follow

Do’s and Don’ts of Croup

  • Frequent hand washing is most important. Also keep your child away from anyone who’s sick
  • Keep your child’s immunizations current

Signs & Symptoms of Croup

  • Loud, harsh, barking cough — which often comes in bursts at night. Your child’s breathing may be labored or noisy
  • Fever and a hoarse voice

Medical advice for Croup

Most cases of croup can be treated at home. Seek immediate medical attention if your child:

  • Makes noisy, high-pitched breathing sounds when inhaling (stridor)
  • Begins drooling or has difficulty swallowing
  • Seems agitated or extremely irritable
  • Struggles to breathe
  • Develops blue or grayish skin around the nose, mouth or fingernails

Risk factors of Croup

  • Most common in children age 5 and younger — particularly those who were born prematurely

Treatment for Croup

  • Steroids, anti-inflammatory drugs, oxygen therapy

Self-care for Croup

  • Stay calm. Comfort or distract your child — cuddle, read a book or play a quiet game. Crying only makes breathing more difficult
  • Have your child breathe the warm, moist air in a steamy bathroom
  • Sometimes breathing fresh, cool air helps. If it’s cool outdoors, wrap your child in a blanket and walk outside for a few minutes
  • Hold your child in an upright position. Sitting upright can make breathing easier
  • For babies, water, breast milk or formula is fine. For older children, soup may be soothing
  • Sleep can help your child fight the infection

Investigations for Croup

Symptoms of Croup
                 Symptoms of Crossed Eyes