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Cuts and Abrasions and Bruises

Information about Cuts and Abrasions and Bruises

We Have to Know about the Cuts and Abrasions and Bruises

  • Injuries that break or remove the skin
  • Most small wounds can be treated successfully at home
  • Large wounds or severe bleeding need immediate medical attention as blood loss can lead to falling blood pressure and shock

First Aid

Cuts and grazes are part of growing up. Small wounds are usually easily treated at home with a little first aid. The aim of first aid is to promote healing and to minimize the risk of infection

  • Minor Wounds
  • Wash your hands before handling a wound or wear sterile disposable gloves
  • Most minor wounds stop bleeding on their own, or after applying some direct pressure for a few minutes with a gauze pad. Don’t lift the pad continuously to check whether bleeding has stopped – this will damage blood clots that may be forming
  • Hold the wound under cool running water to remove dirt or bits of grass and to assess how deep it is. Remove dirt particles with the corner of a sterile gauze pad or sterile tweezers. You can sterilize the end of tweezers over an open flame. Let it cool before using it
  • Use gauze to clean the skin around the wound. Wipe away from the wound and use a new pad with each wipe. Pat the area dry and apply an antiseptic ointment. Applying alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, mercurochrome or iodine onto a wound can delay healing and should be avoided
  • Consider putting a bandage, such as an adhesive strip, on the cut or graze, especially on the hands, legs, and feet. Always put an adhesive strip across a cut, and not lengthwise. Do not cover with cotton wool. Alternatively, close the wound with sterile wound closure strips if stitches are not required. An antiseptic spray may be used for grazes
  • Change the bandage at least once a day or more often if it gets dirty or wet. When the wound forms a scab, a bandage is no longer necessary Witch hazel or aloe vera cream may soothe a simple wound

Major wounds- apply direct pressure onto the wound with a clean towel

  • Don’t attempt to remove a foreign object is present. Apply pressure around the wound. Build padding around the object to the same height as the object and secure it with a bandage

Do’s and Don’ts of Cuts and Abrasions and Bruises

Get help immediately if

  • The wound is large or deep and bleeding cannot be controlled after 10 minutes of applying pressure
  • The person has lost of lot blood, is drowsy or pale
  • Numbness or weakness in the limb beyond the wound
  • Something stuck in the wound
  • Unable to move fingers or toes
  • Stitches are required
  • The wound is on the face or neck

Medical advice for Cuts and Abrasions and Bruises

  • a cut continues to bleed through the bandages, even after applying pressure for 15 minutes
  • the wound has removed all layers of the skin
  • stitches are required
  • There is numbness in the area, weakness or loss of function in the fingers, toes or limb beyond a wound, or if the skin near the wound turns cold, blue or white
  • The wound has been heavily contaminated with dirt or gravel, and the injured person is elderly, a diabetic or has a long-term illness
  • You are unsure whether all foreign bodies, such as glass, wood, or dirt have been removed
  • The injured person has not had a tetanus injection in the past ten years (five years in the case of a very dirty wound). A tetanus booster has to be given within two days of the injury
  • The wound is on the face or neck if it is a puncture wound or caused by an animal or human bite
  • There are signs of infection (such as extensive redness and swelling, a general sick feeling, pus from the wound or a temperature above 37.7°C).  Remember that an infection will only be obvious after a day or two
  • The wound has not healed after two weeks. Minor facial wounds usually take three to five days to heal, wounds on the chest and arms should take between five and nine days, and the leg wounds, seven to twelve days

Treatment for Cuts and Abrasions and Bruises

Stitches-

  • If a wound doesn’t close easily, is deep (more than 0.6cm), gaping or jagged-edged
  • In small children
  • If the cut is on the face or hands or joints
  • Muscle, fat or bone is visible
  • Stitching should be done within eight hours
Treatment for Cuts and Abrasions and Bruises
Cuts and Abrasions and Bruises