Information About Dark Circles Under the Eyes
We Have to Know about the Dark Circles Under the Eyes
- Dark circles are dark marks or areas of discoloration under or around the eyes. The skin around the eyelids (periorbital skin) is the thinnest skin in the body. When blood passes through the large veins close to the surface of the skin it can produce a bluish tint. The more transparent your skin, the darker could be the appearance of the circles
- Periorbital hyperpigmentation – when there is more melanin produced around our eyes than usual, giving them a darker color
Causes of Dark Circles Under the Eyes
- Fatigue and lack of sleep: A lack of sleep or excessive tiredness can cause paleness of the skin, which again allows the blood underneath the skin to become more visible and appear more blue or darker.
- Nutrition: The lack of nutrients in the diet, or the lack of a balanced diet, can contribute to the discoloration of the area under the eyes
- Exposure to the Sun: Exposure to sunlight, especially during the summer months, can cause a higher-than-normal level of skin pigmentation (melanin) under the eyes. People get suntans because exposure to the sun increases the natural pigmentation of the skin and draws that pigmentation to the surface.
- Allergies, Asthma and Eczema – Any condition that causes your eyes to itch can contribute to darker circles under the eyes because of rubbing or scratching the skin can darken the skin ( e.g. Hay fever sufferers)
- Anemia – ( Iron Deficiency Anemia)
- Age – Dark circles are likely to become more noticeable and permanent with age
- Pregnancy and Menstruation: The skin can also become paler during pregnancy and menstruation, which again allows the underlying veins under the eyes to become more visible.
- Medications: Any medications that cause blood vessels to dilate can cause circles under the eyes to darken.
- Dark eye circles could be a sign of excessive loss of water from the body
Treatment for Dark Circles Under the Eyes
- Adequate Sleep: Six to Eight hours of sleep is a must for all of us, especially for people having dark circles under their eyes
- Diet: Eat balance diet foods, and drink plenty of water
- Cold compress: Close your eyes and cover them with a cold washcloth for about five minutes. Repeat several times throughout the day. That will help constrict your blood vessels, minimizing darkness, and it may help minimize tissue swelling and eliminate some of the darkness.
- Sunscreen: Use a sunscreen especially made for the face with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15, but preferably 20, every day, to keep the sun’s rays from darkening the skin under your eyes
- Potato/Cucumber: Close your eyes and cover eyelids with slices of raw potato or cucumber for 15-20 minutes