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Dealing with an Emergency

Information About Dealing With an Emergency

We Have to Know about Dealing With an Emergency

  • No one wants to imagine having to deal with emergencies. But you can be a lifesaver if you know what to do and are able to help
  • Emergencies need quick action, not panic. It sounds like a cliché, but remaining calm is the key to acting sensibly and with confidence. The person in need of help will need your assurance, and sensing your own anxiety and panic will only increase his/her distress
  • Post emergency telephone numbers next to all phones in your home and office and save them on your cell phone. Important numbers to keep are of an emergency service, fire department, nearest hospital, the poison information center, and your doctor. Know the shortest route to the hospital
  • List all serious medical conditions of the family members and keep the list handy. Teach your children how to call emergency numbers, and tell them to show the list to emergency medical personnel
  • Keep a well-stocked first aid kit at home and in your car
  • There is a wide spectrum of conditions that can be considered emergencies. Many may turn out not to be as serious as initially suspected, but if in doubt, it is better to react promptly now, than have late regrets

Dealing with accidents and injuries

  • Stay calm, sum up the situation quickly and act fast
  • Before you act, adopt the SAFE approach. Shout for assistance, Approach with care, Free the victim from dangers and Evaluate the victim. Protect yourself and the injured person from danger or further injury. Look out for hazards such as oncoming traffic and fire. If you cannot reach the person without putting yourself in great danger, leave him or her and call the emergency services immediately. Remember that you will not be able to help anyone if you become a victim yourself
  • Do not move the person unless there is imminent danger such as a fire. If the person must be moved, there should be someone controlling the neck and head to keep them in alignment, and at least two other people on either side of the person to lift him without moving the spine
  • Get help. Call out for someone to phone for emergency assistance
  • Check for breathing and circulation. Do the ABC’s: Airway, breathing, and circulation
  • Prioritize problems. Remember that the most obvious injury is not necessarily the most serious. Deal with the most life-threatening problems (such as blocked airway and excessive bleeding) first
  • Loosen tight clothing and cover the person to keep him or her warm
  • If there are no suspected back and neck injuries and breathing is normal, move the person into the recovery position
  • In the case of serious injury or shock, don’t give anything to eat or drink

When to call an ambulance

  • An ambulance is not always the fastest way to reach a hospital. A private car may be a better option. Go to the hospital yourself if it is close by but let someone phone the emergency department ahead
  • In case of poisoning, contact the poison control center immediately as emergency steps need to be taken before leaving for the hospital

 Call an ambulance if:

  • You don’t know what to do or are uncertain of the severity of the injury
  • Someone is unconscious or struggles to breathe
  • You suspect a back or neck injury
  • Someone may be having a heart attack
  • A person is seriously injured
  • A small child is injured, unless you have another adult with you who could drive
  • There is serious bleeding that you cannot stop

  When you call an ambulance, state clearly:

  • The site of the emergency (include names of cross streets, if possible)
  • What happened to the victim and the victim’s condition
  • The number of people injured
  • The age of the victim
  • Your name and contact telephone number
  • Any first aid currently being given

Do not hang up until the operator tells you to. This way you’ll be sure that you have given all the necessary information

Going to hospital:-

  • Phone the emergency department ahead to alert them that you are coming
  • If possible, get another adult to travel with you
  • Support any injured limbs
  • If the person is bleeding, take sufficient bandages or clean cotton fabric with you
  • Make the person as comfortable as possible.
  • Take any medication that the person uses with you to hospital

Car accident scene

Follow these steps:

  • Make the area safe. Protect yourself and the injured person from further injury and ask someone to alert oncoming traffic. The person should stand at least 50 metres from the accident scene and preferably use a flashlight at night. Turn on the hazard lights of all the vehicles on the scene
  • If you suspect a head, back or neck injury, do not move the victim unless he is in imminent danger or you need to perform CPR. Support injured limbs when moving the person
  • Do not go near a crashed car or try to rescue someone if the car has damaged a power pole and wires are down. You could put your own life at risk
  • Turn off the ignition of the crashed vehicle
  • Call the emergency services
  • Warn people not to smoke as there may be petrol on the road.
  • Ask the driver how many passengers were in the car, especially small children, who may be trapped or may have been flung out of the car
  • Do not touch blood without latex gloves
  • If an injured person is wearing a helmet, don’t remove it unless you need to perform CPR. You must however, open the visor of the helmet and loosen the chinstrap
  • If someone is trapped inside a vehicle, stay with him until help arrives
  • If an unconscious person is trapped in the car, clear the airway of blood or vomit, and lift the jaw, making sure that you do not move the neck. Give mouth-to-mouth breathing if possible but do not perform external cardiac massage until the person has been removed from the car
  • Stop bleeding by applying and maintaining firm pressure to the wounds
  • Cover victims with a blanket or jacket until help arrives
Dealing with accidents and injuries
    Dealing With an Emergency