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Deep Venous Thrombosis of Lower Limb (DVT)

Information About Deep Venous Thrombosis of Lower Limb (DVT)

We Have to Know about the Deep Venous Thrombosis of Lower Limb (DVT)

  • Deep venous thrombosis of lower limb causes pain in the calf or thigh and is often associated with edema
  • 50% of patients are asymptomatic
  • Physical signs are unreliable. Duplex ultrasound is diagnostic

Causes of Deep Venous Thrombosis of Lower Limb (DVT)

  • Stasis of blood, vascular injury, and hypercoagulability predispose to venous thrombosis
  •  Prolonged sitting as in long air travel

Signs and Symptoms-Deep Venous Thrombosis of Lower Limb (DVT)

  • 50-60% of patients are asymptomatic
  • Dull ache, tightness, or pain in calf or leg esp. when walking
  • Edema of the calf, low-grade fever, and fast heart rate
  • Blue or white discoloration due to blockage of veins or arteries

Medical advice for Deep Venous Thrombosis of Lower Limb (DVT)

  • When Symptoms develop

Risk factors of Deep Venous Thrombosis of Lower Limb (DVT)

  • Congestive heart failure, recent surgery, trauma, oral contraceptives use, or prolonged inactivity
  • Advanced age, type A blood group, obesity, previous thrombosis, multiparity

Treatment for Deep Venous Thrombosis of Lower Limb (DVT)

  • Anticoagulant, and medications

Self-care for Deep Venous Thrombosis of Lower Limb (DVT)

  • Elevation of the foot end of the bed by 15-60 degrees
  • Slight bending of the knee. Ankle joint exercises, early ambulation, graded compression stockings

Investigations for Deep Venous Thrombosis of Lower Limb (DVT)

  • Bleeding Time, Clotting Time, Prothrombin time, Doppler studies of the vascular system
Deep Venous Thrombosis of Lower Limb
Deep Venous Thrombosis of Lower Limb