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Information About Dehydration

We Have to Know about the Dehydration

  • Dehydration occurs when there is a shortage of water in the body
  • Severe dehydration can lead to organ failure and death

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • Dryness of mouth, giddiness?

Causes of Dehydration

  • Poor intake of fluids
  • Excessive loss through vomiting diarrhea, sweating, urination
  • Diabetes mellitus

Do’s and Don’ts-Dehydration

  • Drink 2.5 liters of fluid daily
  • Correct treatment of diarrhea, vomiting, and conditions such as diabetes
  • Sportspeople should also take liquids frequently when participating in sporting events

Signs & Symptoms of Dehydration

  • Extreme thirst
  • Marked irritability, increasing weakness and lethargy
  • Dry or chapped lips, oral dryness, dry eyes
  • Heightened body temperature
  • Nausea and muscle cramps
  • Low blood pressure
  • Alarming signs in infants – weak pulse, shallow breathing and a blue tinge to the skin, which also feels cold to the touch
  • A valuable method of assessing dehydration in children is by gently pinching up the skin on the side of the abdomen. On release, it should immediately return to normal. When dehydration is present the skin fold takes much longer to return

Medical advice for Dehydration

  • Excessive vomiting and diarrhea
  • Cold to the touch, the person appears dizzy or disorientated
  • Have chapped lips or a dry mouth
  • Have low blood pressure

Risk factors of Dehydration

  • Young children and the elderly
  • Sportspeople who partake in strenuous sporting activities
  • Delirium
  • Dementia
  • Depression
  • Vomitings
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever

Treatment for Dehydration

  • If the person is unconsciousness or unable to drink, fluids can be administered via a tube inserted into the stomach
  • In sportspeople, rehydration should be a priority
  • Intake electrolyte solution/ORS

Self-care for Dehydration

  • A solution consisting of half a teaspoon of salt, and eight teaspoons of sugar in a liter of previously boiled water