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We Have to Know about the Diarrhoea

Information About Diarrhoea

  • Abnormal increase in the frequency and liquidity of the stools
  • Infectious diarrhoea – caused by ingesting microscopic viruses, bacteria or parasites which are passed by the diarrhoea of others
  • Non-infectious diarrhoea – Spicy, fatty foods, milk products, antibiotics, intestinal disorders, Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • If effecting all over the head and there is excess hair fall?

Causes of Diarrhoea

  • Food poisoning
  • Infection due to contaminated water
  • Malabsorption and inflammatory disease of the gut
  • Viral stomach flu

Medical advice for Diarrhoea

If diarrhea persists beyond 5 days or if you become dehydrated:-

  • If you have severe abdominal or rectal pain, bloody or black stools, a temperature of more than 101 F, or signs of dehydration despite drinking plenty of liquids
  • In young children, if diarrhea persists for more than 24 to 48 hours or if your baby: Hasn’t had a wet diaper in three or more hours
  • Has a high fever
  • Has bloody or black stools
  • Has a dry mouth or cries without tears
  • Is unusually sleepy, drowsy, unresponsive or irritable
  • Has sunken appearance to eyes and cheeks
  • Skin that doesn’t flatten when pinched and released

Treatment for Diarrhoea

  • Medicines
  • Intravenous fluids and medicines if there is dehydration

Self-care for Diarrhoea:-

Dietary Advice


  • Take plenty of liquids.
  • Take coconut water, thin buttermilk, diluted fruit juices
  • Homemade soft well-cooked food like soft rice, upma, sago java (sabudana), bread, curd rice or plain curd
  • Eat fruits like banana, apple, they are helpful in diarrhoeal conditions How to prepare ORS Solution: Packaged ORS solution is available otherwise it can be prepared at home also
  • Wash your hands with soap and water before preparing a solution
  • Prepare a solution, in a clean vessel/ pot, by mixing
  • Eight level teaspoons of sugar and
  • One level teaspoon of salt
  • In one liter of clean water


  • Avoid coffee/tea
  • Avoid milk
  • Avoid spices and spicy food
  • Avoid fried food

Investigations for Diarrhoea

  • Lab tests
Treatment for Diarrhoea
                        Treatment for Diarrhoea