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Diastema (Gap Between Teeth)

Information about Diastema (Gap Between Teeth)

We Have to Know about the Diastema (Gap Between Teeth)

  • A diastema is a space or gap between two teeth
  • It appears most often between the two upper front teeth. However, gaps can occur between any two teeth

Causes of Diastema (Gap Between Teeth)

  • A mismatch between the size of the jaw bones and the size of the teeth can cause either extra space between teeth or crowding of teeth
  • If the teeth are too small for the jaw bone, spaces between the teeth will occur
  • If the teeth are too big for the jaw, teeth will be crowded
  • Sometimes some teeth are missing or undersized
  • This happens most often with the upper lateral incisors (the teeth next to the two upper front teeth)
  • A diastema also can be caused by an oversized labial frenum- a piece of tissue that normally extends from the inside of your upper lip to the gum just above your two upper front teeth
  • In some situations, the labial frenum continues to grow and passes between the two front teeth
  • If this happens, it blocks the natural closing of the space between these teeth.
  • Children may have temporary gaps as their baby teeth fall out
  • Most of these spaces close as the permanent teeth reach their final positions

Do’s and Don’ts-Diastema (Gap Between Teeth)

  • Not all spaces can be prevented
  • The best way to reduce the chance of a diastema is to take good care of the primary (baby) teeth.
  • The baby teeth hold the spaces for the permanent teeth
  • If they are lost too early, the adult teeth may not enter the mouth in the correct places

Signs & Symptoms of Diastema (Gap Between Teeth)

  • A diastema does not cause symptoms

Medical advice for Diastema (Gap Between Teeth)

  • If you have a space between your teeth or see one in your child’s mouth, talk with your dentist or orthodontist

Treatment for Diastema (Gap Between Teeth)

  • Orthodontic braces – move the teeth together
  • If you have space because you are missing teeth, you might need more extensive dental repair
  • This might include dental implants, a bridge, or a partial denture
  • If a large labial frenum is causing the gap, the frenum can be reduced through a surgery called a frenectomy

Investigations for Diastema (Gap Between Teeth)

  • You may notice a space when brushing or flossing
  • Your dentist can see spaces during an examination
Diastema (Gap Between Teeth)
Causes of Diastema (Gap Between Teeth)