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Dry Mouth (Xerostomia)

Information About Dry Mouth (Xerostomia)

We Have to Know about the Dry Mouth (Xerostomia)

  • A dry mouth can affect both enjoyments of food and the health of teeth
  • That’s why it’s important not to ignore a dry mouth
  • Although the treatment depends on the cause, dry mouth is often a side effect of medication

Causes of Dry Mouth (Xerostomia)

  • Medications:- including some over-the-counter drugs, produce dry mouth as a side effect. For e.g. some of the drugs used to treat depression and anxiety,  antihistamines, high blood pressure medications, antidiarrheals, muscle  elaxants, drugs for urinary incontinence, and Parkinson’s disease medications
  • Cancer therapy:-  Chemotherapy drugs can change the nature of saliva and the amount produced. Radiation treatments to the head and neck can damage salivary glands, causing a marked decrease in saliva production
  • Nerve damage:-  An injury or surgery that causes nerve damage to head and neck area can result in xerostomia
  • Other health conditions:- Dry mouth can be a consequence of certain health conditions — or their treatments — including the autoimmune disease Sjogren’s syndrome, diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, anxiety disorders, and depression
  • Smoking or chewing tobacco can affect saliva production, aggravating dry mouth
  • Snoring and breathing with your mouth open also can contribute to the problem

Signs & Symptoms of Dry Mouth (Xerostomia)

  • The sensation of dryness in the mouth
  • Saliva that seems thick, stringy
  • Sores or split skin at the corners of your mouth
  • Cracked lips
  • Bad breath
  • Difficulty speaking and swallowing
  • A sore throat
  • An altered sense of taste
  • Increased plaque, tooth decay, and gum disease

Treatment for Dry Mouth (Xerostomia)

  • Management of the underlying cause

Self-care for Dry Mouth (Xerostomia)

  • If you smoke or chew tobacco, quitting will reduce dry mouth symptoms
  • To protect your teeth, brush with a fluoride toothpaste and visit a dentist regularly
  • Sip water regularly
  • Breathe through the nose rather than mouth
  • Add moisture to the air at night with a room humidifier

Investigations for Dry Mouth (Xerostomia)

  • In some cases blood tests and imaging scans of salivary glands
Causes of Dry Mouth
                      Dry Mouth Xerostomia