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Information about Endocarditis

We Have to Know about the Endocarditis

  • Endocarditis is an infection of the inner lining of the heart (Endocardium)

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • Pain in the precordial region?

Causes of Endocarditis

  • Endocarditis occurs when germs enter your bloodstream, travel to your heart and attach to abnormal heart valves or damaged heart tissue
  • Sometimes can cause by the common bacteria that live in your mouth, upper respiratory tract or other parts of your body
  • Other times organism may gain entry to your bloodstream through:
  • Dental procedures that cause bleeding may allow bacteria to enter your bloodstream
  • Bacteria may spread from an infected area, such as a skin sore. Gum disease, a sexually transmitted disease or an intestinal disorder
  • Bacteria can enter your body through a catheter
  • Contaminated needles and syringes are a concern for people who use intravenous (IV) drugs
  • Typically, your immune system destroys bacteria that make it into your bloodstream. Even if bacteria reach your heart, they may pass through without causing an infection
  • Most people who develop endocarditis have a diseased or damaged heart valve — an ideal spot for bacteria to settle. This damaged tissue in the endocardium provides bacteria with the roughened surface they need to attach and multiply

Do’s and Don’ts of Endocarditis

  • Seek the doctor immediately after getting pain

Signs & Symptoms of Endocarditis

  • Fever, chills
  • Weakness, fatigue
  • Aching joints and muscles
  • Night Sweats
  • Shortness of breath
  • A persistent cough
  • Swelling in your feet, legs or abdomen
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Blood in your urine

Medical advice for Endocarditis

  • See your doctor immediately if you experience shortness of breath or swelling in your legs, ankles or feet

Risk factors of Endocarditis

  • Damaged or artificial heart valves as in rheumatic fever
  • Congenital heart defects
  • History of endocarditis
  • If you have a known heart defect or heart valve problem
  • Intravenous drug users have a greater risk of infection because sharing or reusing needles can expose the bloodstream to infectious agents

Treatment for Endocarditis

  • Antibiotics
  • And some surgery

Self-care for Endocarditis

Antibiotics are now recommended only before the following

  • Certain dental procedures (those that manipulate gum tissue or part of the teeth)
  • Procedures involving the respiratory tract, infected skin or musculoskeletal tissue

Investigations for Endocarditis

  • Blood Tests, ECG, Chest X-ray
Medical advice for Endocarditis
                  Causes of Endocarditis