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Epiglottitis

Information about Epiglottitis

We Have to Know about the Epiglottitis

  • Epiglottitis is a life-threatening condition that occurs when the epiglottis — a small cartilage “lid” that covers the windpipe — swells, blocking the flow of air into the lungs

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • Pain in the throat?

Causes of Epiglottitis

  • Infection with Hib Virus, Candida albicans, Varicella Zoster
  • Physical injury, such as a direct blow to the throat
  • scald burns to your face
  • Burns from drinking very hot liquids

Do’s and Don’ts of Epiglottitis

  • Immunization with the Hib vaccine is the most effective way to prevent epiglottitis in children younger than age 5

Signs & Symptoms of Epiglottitis

  • Epiglottitis caused by Hib infection usually begins with a fever and severe sore throat. Other signs and symptoms may develop within a matter of hours, including
  • Difficult and painful swallowing
  • Drooling due to severe pain when swallowing
  • A muffled voice
  • Harsh, raspy breathing
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Anxiety
  • Blue skin or lips

Medical advice for Epiglottitis

  • Epiglottitis is a medical emergency. If someone you know suddenly has trouble breathing and swallowing, call 108 or go to the nearest hospital emergency department. Don’t try to examine the person’s throat yourself. This can make matters worse

Risk factors of Epiglottitis

  • Weak immune system
  • Crowded conditions
  • Epiglottitis affects more men than women
  • Middle age

Treatment for Epiglottitis

  • The first priority in treating epiglottitis is ensuring that you’re receiving enough air
  • Medication

Self-care for Epiglottitis

Investigations for Epiglottitis

  • Chest or neck X-ray
  • Blood test and throat culture
Causes of Epiglottitis
               Medical advice for Epiglottitis