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Epilepsy

Information about Epilepsy

We Have to Know about the Epilepsy

  • Epilepsy is a disorder caused by abnormal activity in brain cells
  • The onset of epilepsy is most common during childhood and after age 65, but the condition can occur at any age
  • Treatments may leave you free of seizures, or at least reduce their frequency and intensity
  • Many children with epilepsy even outgrow the condition with age

Causes of Epilepsy

  • In many cases, the onset of epilepsy can be traced to an accident, disease or medical trauma — such as a stroke
  • In some cases the cause is unknown

First Aid

  • “Epilepsy” is a condition in which seizures recur over an extended period. Most seizures last no longer than a few minutes and end spontaneously, but in some cases emergency help is essential

Home treatment

Generalized tonic-clonic seizure:

  • At the onset of a seizure, and if you have experience in doing so, insert an oral airway, padded tongue blade or other soft objects between the teeth. Don’t try forcing a hard object between the teeth once the jaws are closed
  • Protect the person from injury. Clear the area of harmful objects. Gently roll the person onto one side and put something soft under his or her head. Loosen tight neckwear
  • Don’t try to put your fingers or anything else in the person’s mouth
  • Don’t restrain the person’s movements
  • Turn the person onto one side with the head down to allow saliva drainage and prevent vomit inhalation
  • don’t attempt to rouse the person by shouting at or shaking him or her
  • Stay with the person until they are fully recovered. He will probably feel very tired for several hours. Muscle aches and headache are common

Non-convulsive seizures:

  • Move harmful objects out of the way and gently guide the person out of danger. Be reassuring

Signs & Symptoms of Epilepsy

  • A seizure can produce temporary confusion, complete loss of consciousness, a staring spell, or uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs
  • The most intense type of seizures causes body stiffening and shaking, tongue biting or loss of bladder control

Different types of seizure produce different symptoms, from the brief “blanking out”, to convulsions with loss of consciousness and muscle spasms

  • Generalized tonic-clonic seizure: Sudden collapse, unconsciousness, muscle spasm, violent limb jerking. Tongue biting, temporary pauses in breathing, incontinence, vomiting
  • Absence seizure: Loss of consciousness for a few seconds. A person looks blank, stares. Blinks, fidgets, picks at clothing
  • Complex partial seizure: Person appears unresponsive, distracted, “spaced out”. Wanders about. Repetitive behaviors, e.g. lip smacking, picking at clothing
  • Simple partial seizure: Jerking of a limb, or an abnormal sensation

Medical advice for Epilepsy

Seek medical advice if you experience a seizure for the first time. Also, seek medical help if any of the following occur:

  • The seizure lasts more than five minutes
  • Recovery from your seizure is slow
  • A second seizure follows immediately
  • You’re pregnant or have diabetes
  • Your seizures change in frequency and severity
  • Your seizure is preceded by a sudden, severe headache or other symptoms or signs of stroke — including weakness or numbness on one side of your body, vision loss, confusion, and coordination or speech problems
  • You are not sure the person has been diagnosed with epilepsy
  • There is physical injury unless you are certain it is only a minor bump or scrape
  • The seizure occurred in water
  • A person on anti-epileptic medication feels unwell or has new side-effects

Risk factors of Epilepsy

  • Family history
  • Head injuries
  • Stroke and other vascular diseases that leads to brain damage may trigger epilepsy
  • Brain infections, such as meningitis, and prolonged seizures in childhood due to high fevers

Treatment for Epilepsy

  • Medication
  • Surgery in some cases

Self-care for Epilepsy

  • Be sure to take your medication correctly
  • Sleep deprivation is a powerful trigger of seizures. Be sure to get adequate rest every night
  • Excessive alcohol consumption may trigger seizures

Investigations for Epilepsy

  • Neurological Exam
  • CT Scan, EEG, MRI
Causes of Epilepsy
                     Symptoms of Epilepsy