Information about Fever in Adults
We Have to Know about the Fever in Adults
- The rise of temperature above the normal (98.6 F or 37.0 C)
Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions
- Systemic raise in temperature
Causes of Fever in Adults
- Viral and bacterial infections
- Colds or flu-like illnesses
- Sore throats and strep throat
- Ear infections
- Viral gastroenteritis or bacterial gastroenteritis
- Acute bronchitis
- Infectious mononucleosis
- Urinary tract infections
- Upper respiratory infections (such as tonsillitis, pharyngitis or laryngitis)
- Medications (such as antibiotics, antihistamines, barbiturates, and drugs for high blood pressure)
- Occasionally, more serious problems like pneumonia, appendicitis, tuberculosis, and meningitis
Do’s and Don’ts of Fever in Adults
- DO NOT bundle up someone who has the chills.
- Remove excess clothing or blankets. The environment should be comfortably cool. For example, one layer of lightweight clothing, and one lightweight blanket to sleep. If the room is hot or stuffy, a fan may help.
- A lukewarm bath or sponge bath may help cool someone with a fever. This is especially effective after medication is given — otherwise the temperature might bounce right back up.
- DO NOT use cold baths or alcohol rubs. These cool the skin but often make the situation worse by causing shivering, which raises the core body temperature.
- Drink cool liquids, as tolerated.
Signs & Symptoms of Fever in Adults
- A headache
- Body pain
Medical advice for Fever in Adults
- If fever lasts longer than 48 to 72 hours
- High fever (more than 104 F)
- Other associated symptoms like a sore throat, cough
Risk factors of Fever in Adults
- Immunity: People with the weak immune system (weakened by medications such as corticosteroids or diseases such as HIV/AIDS) are at increased risk of developing an infection and fever. Food and water: Having contaminated food or water increase the risk of infection and fever.
Treatment for Fever in Adults
Self-care for Fever in Adults
- If mild, drink fluids and take rest
Investigations for Fever in Adults
- Lab tests
- Chest x-ray