Information about Genital Herpes
We Have to Know about the Genital Herpes
- Genital herpes is a highly contagious sexually transmitted disease
Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions
- Any blisters/pustules/discharge in the perineal region?
Causes of Genital Herpes
- HSV type 1 (HSV-1) – causes cold sores or fever blisters around your mouth, though it can be spread to your genital area during oral sex.
- HSV type 2 (HSV-2) – causes genital herpes. The virus spreads through sexual contact and skin-to-skin contact.
Do’s and Don’ts of Genital Herpes
- The best way to prevent infection is to abstain from sexual activity or to limit sexual contact to only one person who is infection-free.
- Use, or have your partner use, a latex condom during each sexual contact.
- Limit the number of sex partners.
- Avoid intercourse if either partner has an outbreak of herpes in the genital area or anywhere else.
Signs & Symptoms of Genital Herpes
- Small, red bumps, blisters (vesicles) or open sores (ulcers) in the genital, anal and nearby areas
- Pain or itching around your genital area, buttocks or inner thighs
- Painful urination, headache, muscle aches, and fever, as well as swollen lymph nodes in your groin.
Medical advice for Genital Herpes
- If you suspect you have genital herpes or observe any of the Signs and symptoms.
Risk factors of Genital Herpes
- Immune system suppression, from medications such as steroids or chemotherapy, or due to infections, such as HIV/AIDS
- Friction, such as that caused by vigorous sexual intercourse
Treatment for Genital Herpes
- There’s no cure for genital herpes
- Medication is available to help heal the sores sooner and reduce the frequency of relapses.
Self-care for Genital Herpes
If you have an active infection:
- Avoid having sex.
- Keep the sores clean and dry.
- Avoid touching the sores, and wash your hands after contact with sores.
- Remember that the virus can spread even when no symptoms are present. Wait until all sores are completely healed before resuming sexual activity, and always use latex condoms to reduce the chance that you’ll infect your partner.
Investigations for Genital Herpes
- Tissue scrapings or culture of the blisters.
- A blood test.