Menu Close

Gerd (Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease)

Information about Gerd (Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease)

We Have to Know about the Gerd (Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease)

  • GERD is a condition in which stomach acid or, occasionally, bile flows back (refluxes) into your food pipe (esophagus). The constant backwash or acid reflux can irritate the lining of your esophagus and cause inflammation.

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • Burning type of pain in epigastrium?

Causes of Gerd (Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease)

  • Valves not functioning properly

Some factors that can make GERD worse include:

  • Certain foods, such as fatty foods, spicy foods, chocolate, caffeine, onions, tomato sauce, carbonated beverages and mint
  • Alcohol
  • Large meals
  • Lying down soon after eating
  • Certain medications, including sedatives, tranquilizers, and medications for high blood pressure
  • Cigarette smoking

Do’s and Don’ts of Gerd (Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease)

Signs & Symptoms of Gerd (Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease)

  • Heartburn — burning sensation in your chest, sometimes spreading to the throat, along with a sour taste in your mouth.
  • Chest pain, especially at night while lying down
  • Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
  • Coughing, wheezing, asthma, hoarseness or a sore throat
  • Regurgitation of food or sour liquid

Medical advice for Gerd (Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease)

  • Heartburn several times a week
  • Heartburn that returns soon after your antacid wears off
  • Heartburn that wakes you up at night
  • Difficulty swallowing

Risk factors of Gerd (Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease)

  • Obesity
  • A hiatal hernia
  • Pregnancy
  • Asthma.
  • Diabetes
  • Peptic ulcer
  • Delayed stomach emptying

Treatment for Gerd (Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease)

  • Medicines
  • Diet modifications

Self-care for Gerd (Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease)

  • Control your weight
  • Eat smaller meals
  • Loosen your belt
  • Eliminate heartburn triggers such as fatty or fried foods, alcohol, chocolate, peppermint, garlic, onion, caffeine, and nicotine
  • Avoid stooping or bending
  • Don’t lie down after a meal
  • Don’t smoke

Investigations for Gerd (Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease)

  • Barium X-ray
  • Endoscopy
Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease
                          Symptoms of Gerd