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Information about Glaucoma

We Have to Know about the Glaucoma

  • Glaucoma is a group of diseases where there is damage to the optic nerve, usually accompanied by abnormally high pressure inside the eyeball.

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • Any  Blurring of vision with a headache?

Causes of Glaucoma

  • Primary open-angle glaucoma:
  • Glaucoma progresses with few or no symptoms
  • As increased eye pressure continues to damage your optic nerve, you lose more and more of your peripheral vision.
  • If glaucoma is left untreated, you can develop tunnel vision and eventually lose all sight.
  • Usually affects both eyes.
  • Acute angle-closure glaucoma:
  • Develops suddenly in response to a rapid rise in eye pressure.
  • Permanent vision loss can occur within a day of the attack.
  • An attack often happens in the evening or in a darkened room when the light is dim and your pupils have become relatively dilated.
  • Pain may be severe.
  • Blurred vision
  • Halos around lights
  • Reddening of the eye
  • Severe eye pain
  • Nausea and vomiting

Do’s and Don’ts of Glaucoma

Signs & Symptoms of Glaucoma

  • See above

Medical advice for Glaucoma

  • Painful eye persisting for more than 1 day
  • Sudden onset of defective vision

Risk factors of Glaucoma

  • The internal pressure of eye higher than normal
  • Age above 60
  • Family history
  • Diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, hypothyroidism.
  • Severe trauma, such as being hit in the eye, can result in increased eye pressure. Eye tumors, and eye inflammations, eye surgery.
  • Nearsightedness.
  • Eye abnormalities.
  • Stress

Treatment for Glaucoma

  • Medicines
  • Surgery for some cases

Self-care for Glaucoma

  • Maintain a healthy diet. Limiting caffeine to low or moderate levels
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Find healthy ways to cope with stress. Try relaxation techniques
  • Wear proper eye protection.

Investigations for Glaucoma

  • Comprehensive eye examination
  • Lab tests
Causes of Glaucoma
                        Risk factors of Glaucoma