Information about Glomerulonephritis
We Have to Know about the Glomerulonephritis
- Kidneys are complex organs whose primary task is to remove wastes, excess fluid and unneeded electrolytes from the body. Glomerulonephritis is a type of kidney disease that reduces kidneys’ ability to remove waste and excess fluids.
- This inflammation can cause too much protein and other substances to leak from the blood into the urine. When this occurs, waste products build up to very high levels in the blood, and the body retains salt and water.
- Acute: a sudden attack of inflammation
- Chronic: comes on gradually.
- Glomerular disease can be part of a systemic disease such as lupus or diabetes, or
- it can be a disease by itself — primary glomerulonephritis.
Causes of Glomerulonephritis
- Glomerulonephritis can be a complication of streptococcal infections, including strep throat, particularly in children ages 6 to 10.
- Rarely, it results from other bacterial or viral infections, especially measles, mumps, and HIV.
- Other causes include some problems with the immune system (especially those involving immunoglobulin A antibodies), systemic lupus erythematosus (also called SLE or lupus), and inflammation of the kidney’s blood vessels (Vasculitis).
Do’s and Don’ts of Glomerulonephritis
- There’s no way to prevent most forms of glomerulonephritis.
- Take prompt treatment of a strep infection.
- Control blood sugar and blood pressure
Signs & Symptoms of Glomerulonephritis
- Cola-colored urine from red blood cells in urine (hematuria)
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Fluid retention (edema) with swelling of face, hands, feet, and abdomen
- Fatigue from anemia or kidney failure
- Less frequent urination than usual
Risk Factors of Glomerulonephritis
The following may increase your risk of this condition:
- Blood or lymphatic system disorders
- Exposure to hydrocarbon solvents
- History of cancer
- Infections such as strep infections, viruses, heart infections, or abscesses
- Many conditions cause or increase the risk for glomerulonephritis, including:
- Anti-glomerular basement membrane antibody disease
- Blood vessel diseases such as vasculitis or polyarteritis
- Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
- Goodpasture syndrome
- Heavy use of pain relievers, especially NSAIDs
- Henoch-Schonlein purpura
- IgA nephropathy
- Lupus nephritis
- Membranoproliferative GN
Medical advice for Glomerulonephritis
- See your doctor if you’re experiencing any of the signs or symptoms of glomerulonephritis.
Self Care for Glomerulonephritis
- Drinking more amount of water
Treatment for Glomerulonephritis
- Temporary Dialysis for acute conditions
Investigations for Glomerulonephritis