Information about Haemorrhoids
We Have to Know about the Haemorrhoids
- Develops when the normal veins around the anal opening become abnormally enlarged due to increased pressure on veins in the pelvis
- Classified as internal or external
Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions
- Any bleeding per rectum?
Causes of Haemorrhoids
- Long-term constipation or diarrhea
- Standing or sitting for long periods of time
- Breathing improperly while lifting heavy weights
- Medical conditions, such as long-term (chronic) heart and liver disease
- Coughing, sneezing or vomiting.
- Genetic (inherited) factors
Do’s and Don’ts of Haemorrhoids
- Wear cotton undergarments
- Do not scratch the area
- Take high-fiber diet (e.g. leafy vegetables)
- Drink plenty of fluids
Signs & Symptoms of Haemorrhoids
- External haemorrhoids are painless.
- Internal haemorrhoids range in size from a slight swelling under the wall of the canal to large, sagging veins that stick out of the anus all the time.
- Pain and bleeding at the time of passing stools
- Anal itching, ache or pain
Medical advice for Haemorrhoids
- If your hemorrhoids don’t improve with self-care, cause pain, or bleed frequently or excessively.
- If the onset of your hemorrhoids occurs along with a marked change in bowel habits or if you’re passing black, tarry or maroon stools
Risk factors of Haemorrhoids
- Anal intercourse.
- Chronic diarrhea or constipation.
- Diet high in fat and low in fiber (high fiber foods include whole grain foods, fresh fruits, and vegetables)
- Jobs that require sitting or standing for long periods.
- Lack of physical activity.
Treatment for Haemorrhoids
Self-care for Haemorrhoids
- Keep the anal area clean
- Apply ice packs or cold compresses on the anus to relieve swelling
Investigations for Haemorrhoids
- Stool tests