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Information about Haemorrhoids

We Have to Know about the Haemorrhoids

  • Develops when the normal veins around the anal opening become abnormally enlarged due to increased pressure on veins in the pelvis
  • Classified as internal or external

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • Any bleeding per rectum?

Causes of Haemorrhoids

  • Long-term constipation or diarrhea
  • Overweight
  • Standing or sitting for long periods of time
  • Breathing improperly while lifting heavy weights
  • Pregnancy
  • Medical conditions, such as long-term (chronic) heart and liver disease
  • Coughing, sneezing or vomiting.
  • Genetic (inherited) factors

Do’s and Don’ts of Haemorrhoids

  • Wear cotton undergarments
  • Do not scratch the area
  • Take high-fiber diet (e.g. leafy vegetables)
  • Drink plenty of fluids

Signs & Symptoms of Haemorrhoids

  • External haemorrhoids are painless.
  • Internal haemorrhoids range in size from a slight swelling under the wall of the canal to large, sagging veins that stick out of the anus all the time.
  • Pain and bleeding at the time of passing stools
  • Anal itching, ache or pain

Medical advice for Haemorrhoids

  • If your hemorrhoids don’t improve with self-care, cause pain, or bleed frequently or excessively.
  • If the onset of your hemorrhoids occurs along with a marked change in bowel habits or if you’re passing black, tarry or maroon stools

Risk factors of Haemorrhoids

  • Alcoholism.
  • Anal intercourse.
  • Chronic diarrhea or constipation.
  • Diet high in fat and low in fiber (high fiber foods include whole grain foods, fresh fruits, and vegetables)
  • Obesity.
  • Jobs that require sitting or standing for long periods.
  • Lack of physical activity.

Treatment for Haemorrhoids

  • Surgery

Self-care for Haemorrhoids

  • Keep the anal area clean
  • Apply ice packs or cold compresses on the anus to relieve swelling

Investigations for Haemorrhoids

  • Stool tests
  • Sigmoidoscopy
  • Anoscopy
            Medical advice for Haemorrhoids