Information about Heart Attack
We Have to Know about the Heart Attack
- A heart attack is an injury to the heart muscle caused by a loss of blood supply. It usually occurs when a blood clot blocks the flow of blood through a coronary artery- a blood vessel that feeds blood to a part of the heart muscle
- This causes permanent damage to the heart muscle. It may be fatal in some cases.
- If a person shows signs of heart attack; find out if there is a history of heart disease, and whether the person takes any heart medication. Help the person find and take their medication. Encourage the person to sit still, with knees bent to ease the strain on the heart. Talk to him calmly and reassuringly, and loosen any tight clothing. Monitor any changes in condition.
- Chew and swallow one aspirin, followed by some water. (Unless you are allergic to or unable to take aspirin). Aspirin thins the blood, helping the heart to get more blood.
Causes of Heart Attack
A heart attack occurs when one or more of the tiny arteries supplying your heart with oxygen-rich blood (coronary arteries) become blocked
- Coronary artery disease: Blockages are usually due to a blood clot that forms suddenly where a coronary artery has narrowed over the years from a buildup of cholesterol and other substances
- Spasm of a coronary artery that shuts down blood flow to part of the heart muscle. Drugs, such as cocaine, can cause such a life-threatening spasm
Do’s and Don’ts of Heart Attack
Signs & Symptoms of Heart Attack
- Pressure, fullness or squeezing pain in the center of your chest that lasts for more than a few minutes
- Pain extending beyond your chest to your shoulder, arm, back, or even to your teeth and jaw
- Increasing episodes of chest pain
- Prolonged pain in the upper abdomen
- Shortness of breath
- Fainting, nausea, and vomiting
- The pain is persistent (longer than 15 minutes), and does not ease with rest. In some cases, heart attacks are painless. The pain is sometimes mistaken for indigestion.
- The person has pale, clammy skin.
- The pulse may be a fast or irregular pulse.
- The person may suddenly collapse and lose consciousness.
Medical advice for Heart Attack
- Call for emergency medical help 108 when the person shows any signs and symptoms of the heart attack
- Prompt treatment helps prevent heart damage and death.
Risk factors of Heart Attack
- Tobacco smoke
- High blood pressure
- High blood cholesterol or triglyceride levels
- Lack of physical activity
- The family history of heart attack
Self-care for Heart Attack
- Don’t smoke
- Check your cholesterol
- Get regular medical checkups for high blood pressure and diabetes
- Control your blood pressure
- Exercise regularly
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Eat a heart-healthy diet. Limit fat and cholesterol and sodium. Fish is part of a heart-healthy diet. It contains omega-3 fatty acids, which help improve blood cholesterol levels and prevent blood clots. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables
- Manage stress
- Consume alcohol in moderation
Investigations for Heart Attack
- Electrocardiogram, Blood tests