Information about Heat Stroke
We Have to Know about the Heat Stroke
- Heatstroke happens in hot and wet conditions once the body fails to regulate its own temperature. It is a medical emergency
- It’s one of the heat-related problems that often result from heavy work in hot environments, usually accompanied by inadequate fluid intake
There are two types of heatstroke: classical and exercise-induced.
- Classical heart stroke affects the more fragile – the very young and the elderly, often those with heart disease. It happens with none exercise activity throughout a wave. Young youngsters left in an exceedingly hot automotive area unit, particularly at risk.
There is usually no sweating.
- Exercise-induced heart stroke is more common in young, healthy, fit athletes who exercise in hot and especially humid conditions. Athletes World Health Organization exercise smartly for brief periods area unit most in danger, such as in short-distance races (6-15 km), rather than marathons. It seems that only certain athletes are susceptible to this condition which suggests an inherited metabolic predisposition.
- If the condition is not promptly treated, the person becomes unconscious and might die.
Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions
- Altered consciousness
- High fever
- Move the individual to a chilly, shaded area and check the ABC’s.
- As soon as possible, place the person in a bath of ice water for 5 to 10 minutes to reduce body temperature to 38 degrees Celsius. If the person starts to shiver before ten minutes area unit over, take him or her out of the bath. If a bath is not available, apply ice packs or cover the person with cool, wet sheets. The sooner the person is cooled in this way, the lower the risk of mortality.
- Give the individual water or a sports drink to drink.
- Get the person to the hospital.
Heat exhaustion could be a condition wherever an individual World Health Organization has stopped travail on a hot day, suddenly becomes listless, weak and dizzy. The person includes a fast pulse and will be sickening or vomit. Unlike heatstroke, the body core temperature rises to over 38 degrees Celsius but never exceeds 40 degrees Celsius, and mental status and behavior are normal.
- Heat exhaustion happens once there are associate degree excessive call pressure thanks to the pooling of blood within the lower limbs, following exercise. Even though its name, warmth exhaustion is not directly related to heat and is no longer considered as the first step towards the development of heatstroke.
- Home treatment
- Lay the person on his back and elevate his legs and pelvis.
- Give fluids to drink if the person is thirsty. Heat exhaustion is not directly related to dehydration.
Causes of Heat Stroke
- Heat cramps: Heat cramps are caused by initial exposure to extreme temperatures or physical exertion.
- Heat exhaustion: heat prostration happens once you don’t act on the signs and symptoms of warmth cramps and your condition worsens.
Heatstroke can occur in these ways:
- Environmental conditions – Caused by extreme environment temperatures that cause body temperature to increase. This type of heatstroke is usually in warmer weather.
- Strenuous activity: Caused by strenuous activity that increases body temperature.
In either exertional or nonexertional heart stroke, your condition can be brought on by:
- Wearing excess clothing that doesn’t allow your sweat to evaporate easily
- Consuming alcohol, which can influence your body’s ability to control your temperature
Do’s and Don’ts of Heat Stroke
- Avoid strenuous physical activity outdoorsthroughout the most well-liked hours of the day (10 am to three pm). Avoid overexposure to the sun.
- Stay cool. Wear light clothes, a wide-brimmed hat and take a cool bath or shower once or twice a day.
- Stay well hydrated, but be careful not to over hydrate.
Signs & Symptoms of Heat Stroke
- The main sign of health problem is markedly elevated vital sign — usually larger than 104 F — with changes in mental standing starting from temperament changes to confusion and coma. The skin may be hot and dry, although, in heatstroke caused by exertion, the skin is usually moist.
Other signs and symptoms may include:
- Rapid heartbeat
- Rapid and shallow breathing
- Elevated or lowered blood pressure
- Cessation of sweating
- Irritability, confusion or unconsciousness
- Fainting, which may be the first sign in older adults
- Weakness, headache, nausea and vomiting and muscular pain.
- The person includes a fast pulse and a hot, red, and dry skin, even under the armpits.
Medical advice for Heat Stroke
- Heatstroke is deadly and it is crucial that it is recognized early and immediate first aid and medical treatment are given. Hospitalization is always necessary as temperature could increase again after cooling.
Treatment for Heat Stroke
- Intravenous fluids
Self-care for Heat Stroke
- Move the person out of the sun and into a shady or cool area.
- Cool the individual by covering him or her with damp sheets or by sprinkling with chill water. Direct air onto the individual with an addict or newspaper.