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Information about Hepatitis

We Have to Know about the Hepatitis

  • Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. There are several types of hepatitis

Mode of Transmission

  • Connection with the stool of associate degree affected the individual(Hepatitis A)
  • Eating shellfish from waters contaminated with waste material  (hepatitis A)
  • Contact with the blood, vaginal fluids, semen or chest milk of an affected individual (hepatitis B)
  • Unprotected sex (hepatitis B and C)
  • Sharing contaminated needles (hepatitis B, C, and D)

Prognosis

  • Most people with either viral hepatitis or B recover while not treatment.
  • Up to 85% of those with hepatitis C and a smaller number of those with hepatitis B develop long-lasting (chronic) hepatitis.
  • Some individuals with serum viral hepatitis become womb-to-tomb carriers of the unhealthiness and may unfold the hepatitis infection to others.
  • People with chronic  viral hepatitis are infectious and may unfold  the virus through blood-to-blood contact

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  • Any pain in right hypochondrium?

Causes of Hepatitis

  • High alcohol consumption
  • Some medications and some cholesterol-lowering drugs.
  • Viruses
  • Bacteria
  • Parasites
  • Autoimmune hepatitis – immune system attacks the cells of the liver

Do’s and Don’ts of Hepatitis

  • Wash your hands frequently.
  • If you’re sexually active, have sex only with one person who is not infected with hepatitis, and use condoms.
  • Avoid injecting illegal drugs.
  • Vaccine for hepatitis B.

Signs & Symptoms of Hepatitis

  • In mild cases, many people do not have any symptoms or have flu-like symptoms such as fever, a generally tired or ill feeling, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea and muscle aches.
  • In more severe cases
  • A yellow complexion to the surface and whites of the eyes (jaundice)
  • Bad breath
  • A bitter taste in the mouth
  • Dark, tea-colored urine
  • Light, gray-colored stools
  • Pain or tenderness within the space of the liver (the higher right facet of the abdomen close to the lower front ribs)

Medical advice for Hepatitis

  • Call your doctor if you have got symptoms of infectious disease, or if you suspect you have got been exposed to somebody with infectious disease.

Risk factors of Hepatitis

  • alcohol
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Fatty liver
  • EBV

Treatment for Hepatitis

  • Medications
  • Inpatient management in severe cases
  • Bed Rest

Self-care for Hepatitis

Investigations for Hepatitis

  • Blood Test, Urine and Stool test
  • Ultrasound or CT scan of the abdomen, Liver biopsy
Investigations for Hepatitis
       Symptoms of Hepatitis