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Information about Hypothyroidism

We have to know about Hypothyroidism

  • In this condition, the thyroid doesn’t produce enough hormones upsetting the balance of chemical reactions in the body.

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  •  Any swelling in front of the neck?

Causes of Hypothyroidism

  • Autoimmune disease occurs when your immune system produces antibodies that attack your own tissues
  • Treatment for hyperthyroidism
  • Radiation therapy
  • Iodine deficiency
  • Thyroid surgery

Do’s and Don’ts of Hypothyroidism

  • Avoid  eating cabbage and cauliflower

Signs & Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

  • Increased sensitivity to cold
  • Constipation
  • Pale, dry skin
  • A puffy face
  • Hoarse voice
  • Unexplained weight gain
  • Muscle aches, tenderness, and stiffness
  • Pain, stiffness or swelling in your joints
  • Heavier than normal menstrual periods
  • Depression
  • Constant stimulation of your thyroid to release more hormones may lead to an enlarged thyroid (goiter).
  • Advanced hypothyroidism, known as myxedema, is rare, but when it occurs it can be life-threatening. Signs and symptoms include low blood pressure, decreased breathing, decreased body temperature, unresponsiveness, and even coma. In some cases, myxedema can be fatal.

Hypothyroidism in children and teens

  • Newborns, yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes (jaundice).
  • Frequent choking.
  • A large, protruding tongue.
  • Constipation
  • Poor muscle tone
  • Excessive sleepiness
  • Poor growth, resulting in short stature
  • Delayed development of permanent teeth
  • Delayed puberty
  • Poor mental development

Medical advice for Hypothyroidism

  • see your doctor if you’re feeling tired for no reason or have any of the other signs or symptoms of hypothyroidism, such as dry skin, a pale, puffy face, constipation or a hoarse voice.
  • You’ll also need to see your doctor for periodic testing of your thyroid function if you’ve had previous thyroid surgery; treatment with radioactive iodine or anti-thyroid medications; or radiation therapy to your head, neck or upper chest. However, it may take years or even decades before any of these therapies or procedures result in hypothyroidism.
  • If you have high blood cholesterol, talk to your doctor about whether hypothyroidism may be a cause. And if you’re receiving hormone therapy for hypothyroidism, schedule follow-up visits as often as your doctor recommends. Initially, it’s important to make sure you’re receiving the correct dose of medicine. And over time, the dose you need may change.

Risk factors of Hypothyroidism

  • Have a close relative, such as a parent or grandparent, with an autoimmune disease
  • Have been treated with radioactive iodine or anti-thyroid medications
  • Received radiation to your neck or upper chest
  • Have had thyroid surgery

Treatment for Hypothyroidism

  • Medicine – thyroid hormone tablets over a long time (lifelong treatment in many cases)

Self-care for Hypothyroidism

  • Take healthy fruits

Investigations for Hypothyroidism

  • Blood Tests
  • Thyroid scan
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism