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Information about Indigestion

We have to know about Indigestion

  • Long-lasting (chronic) disorder of the upper gastrointestinal system, which includes your esophagus and the first part of your small intestine (duodenum) as well as your stomach.

Could be dangerous, if the answer is YES for any one of the following questions

  •  The digestion of food is improper?

Causes of Indigestion

  • Indigestion is commonly a symbol of AN underlying drawback, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), ulcers, or gallbladder disease, rather than a condition of its own. Also called dyspepsia, it is defined as persistent recurrent pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen.

Do’s and Don’ts of Indigestion

  • Eat smaller, more frequent meals
  • Avoid trigger foods such as fatty and spicy foods, carbonated beverages, caffeine and alcohol.
  • Chew your food slowly and thoroughly.
  • Limit beverages during meals.
  • Take steps to avoid swallowing excessive air.
  • Don’t lie down right after a meal. Wait to lie down until at least two hours after eating.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Create a calm environment at mealtime.
  • Learn how to manage your stress by exercising, relaxed breathing, meditation, yoga, and progressive muscle relaxation.
  • Pursue relaxing activities. Spend time doing stuff you get pleasure from, such as hobbies or sports.
  • Balance your rest and activity.
  • When potential, go to bed and get up at the same time each day.
  • Sleep only as much as you need.
  • Take time each day to relax. Find a few minutes just for you.
  • Start your exercise program gradually.
  • Aim for at least 30 to 60 minutes of physical activity every day
  • Don’t exercise immediately after eating.

Signs & Symptoms for Indigestion

  • A burning sensation or discomfort in your  higher abdomen or lower chest, sometimes relieved by food or antacids
  • An early feeling of fullness with meals
  • An unhealthy lifestyle can contribute to nonulcer stomach pain. Stress, fatigue, poor diet, not enough rest, and lack of exercise may aggravate its signs and symptoms. Abdominal pain.
  • Heartburn or acid indigestion (acid reflux)
  • Bloating (full feeling)
  • Excessive gas (belching, burping or flatulence)
  • Nausea with or without vomiting.
  • Acidic taste in the mouth.
  • Gurgling, rumbling or growling stomach discomfort.
  • Constipation or diarrhea.

Medical advice for Indigestion

  • Persistent or recurrent abdominal pain
  • Persistent nausea, vomiting, especially if accompanied by blood
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Persistent loss of appetite
  • Bloody stools
  • Indigestion  in the middle of shortness of breath, sweating, or pain divergent to your chest, neck or arm (possible heart attack)

Risk factors of Indigestion

  • Overeating
  • Eating too quickly, sometimes with air swallowing
  • Drinking carbonated beverages
  • Eating spicy foods, greasy or fatty foods
  • Consuming too much caffeine or alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Taking certain medications such as aspirin and ibuprofen and antibiotics
  • Stress

Treatment for Indigestion

Diagnosis :

Your doctor is probably going to start out with a health history and intensive physical communicating. Those evaluations could also be adequate if your dyspepsia is delicate and you’re not experiencing bound symptoms, like weight loss and perennial physiological reaction.

But if your indigestion began suddenly, and you are experiencing severe symptoms or are older than age 55, your doctor may recommend:

  • Laboratory tests, to check for thyroid problems or other metabolic disorders.
  • Breath & stool tests, to analysis for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), the bacterium associated with peptic ulcers, which can cause indigestion. H. pylori testing is disputed as a result of studies counsel restricted take pleasure in treating the microorganism.
  • Endoscopy, to see for abnormalities in your higher gastrointestinal tract.
    A tissue sample (biopsy) could also be taken for analysis.
  • Imaging tests (X-ray or CT scan), to check for intestinal obstruction.

If initial testing fails to supply a cause, your doctor may diagnose functional dyspepsia.

Treatment :

Lifestyle changes may help ease indigestion. Your doctor may recommend:

  • Avoiding foods that trigger indigestion
  • Eating  5 or six tiny meals on a daily basis rather than 3 massive meals
  • Reducing or eliminating the use of alcohol and caffeine
  • Avoiding certain pain relievers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen sodium (Aleve)
  • Finding alternatives for medications that trigger indigestion
  • Controlling stress and anxiety

If your indigestion persists, medications may help. Over-the-counter antacids are generally the first choice. Other options include:

  • Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), which can curtail belly acid. PPIs could also be suggested if you expertise pyrosis together with dyspepsia.
  • H-2-receptor antagonists (H2RAs), which can also reduce stomach acid.
  • Prokinetics, which can be useful if your abdomen empties slowly.
  • Antibiotics, if H. pylori bacteria are causing your indigestion.
  • Antidepressants or anti-anxiety medications, which can ease the discomfort from dyspepsia  by decreasing your sensation of pain

Self-care of Indigestion

  • Avoid known allergens

Investigations for Indigestion

  • Endoscopy, ultrasound
Treatment for Indigestion
      Medical advice for Indigestion